Cardamine dissecta

Family:BRASSICACEAE
Species:Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
Common Name:Dissected Toothwort; Finely Lobed Toothwort
Habitat:Rich mesic hardwoods in Ridge and Valley and western Red Hills.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Dissected Toothwort is a native perennial in the Mustard family (Brassicaceae). It is found primarily in the northern and western portions of Alabama. Dissected Toothwort occurs in rich hardwood forests, along streams and rivers, in rocky calcareous woods, and in ravines. It is a perennial from a segmented rhizome. A single unbranched erect stem emerges from the apex of each rhizome. Stems are glabrous and 3-8 inches in height. Each stem has 2 or rarely three alternate or sub-opposite leaves. The leaves are biternately dissected into linear segments. The leaves are glabrous with entire margins. Flowers are produced in terminal racemes. Flowers open from the base to the apex of the raceme. Each flower has four white or pale pink petals. The fruit is a silique (a dry fruit that is more than three times as long as broad. The outer haves of the fruit split off leaving the seed exposed on a papery septum) containing 10-14 seed. Dissected Toothwort is sometimes available from native plant nurseries. It prefers a moist organic rich soil and full shade. Because the fragile rhizome is often several inches below the soil surface, Dissected Toothwort is very difficult to transplant.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBRASSICACEAE - Mustard family
Genus Cardamine
Species Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz - Dissected Toothwort; Finely Lobed Toothwort

Citation

Citation CARDAMINE DISSECTA (Leavenw.) Al-Shehbaz, J. Arnold. Arbor. 69(1): 82. 1988.
Basionym: Dentaria dissecta Leavenw. 1824.
Type: Alabama: Cherokee countRy [Cherokee countRy was in the NE part of modern day Alabama.]

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cardamine angustata var. multifida    
Cardamine multifida    
Dentaria dissecta    
Dentaria furcata    
Dentaria heterophylla (Muhl. ex Elliot) H.E. Ahles    
Dentaria laciniata var. multifida    
Dentaria multifida    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Blount, Cherokee, Choctaw, Cullman, Etowah, Fayette, Jefferson, Limestone, Marengo, Morgan, St. Clair, Tuscaloosa, Walker

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0011731 Blount 13 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6336
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
NY00185227 Tuscaloosa s.d. Rev. William Johnston
s.n.
NY
Dentaria furcata Small
62099AUA_ACC Blount 29 MAR 1999 KEENER, BRIAN R.
1849
AUA
CARDAMINE DISSECTA (LEAVENW.) AL-SHEHBAZ
AMAL00014153 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4092
AMAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
13374AUA_ACC Etowah 26 MAR 1968 O'NEAL, JUDY
AUA
CARDAMINE DISSECTA (LEAVENW.) AL-SHEHBAZ
UWAL0019254 Cullman 27 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73166
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UNA00012395 Tuscaloosa 9 Mar 1952 R. L. Chermock
s.n.
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
UNA00012386 Tuscaloosa 5 Apr _ Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
UNA00034208 Walker 4 Apr 1987 Robert R. Haynes
8893
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
UNA00054260 Blount 29 Mar 1999 Brian R. Keener
1849
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
16840AUA_ACC Blount 29 MAR 1968 KRAL, ROBERT
29941
AUA
CARDAMINE DISSECTA (LEAVENW.) AL-SHEHBAZ
AMAL00012164 Choctaw 16 Mar 2003 R. Kral
93650
AMAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UWAL0008133 St. Clair 29 Mar 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2719
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UWAL0008129 Blount 28 Mar 1981 Kral, R.
66771.2
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UWAL0008131 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4092
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
JSU116260 Jefferson 2 Apr 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8052
JSU
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
AMAL00006069 Walker 20 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2465
AMAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UNA00053708 Blount 14 Mar 1997 Brian R. Keener
30
UNA
Cardamine multifida (Muhl. ex Ell.) Wood
UWAL0019140 Walker 27 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73147
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UNA00025802 Tuscaloosa 26 Mar 1994 Maria Kortright
65
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
UNA00012394 Tuscaloosa 9 Mar 1959 Jackie Edwards
38
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
TROY000016996 Choctaw 16 Mar 2003 Robert Kral
93650
TROY
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UNA00064794 Cherokee 30 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2725
UNA
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
TROY000017147 St. Clair 29 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2719
TROY
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
AMAL00015517 Tuscaloosa 19 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4067
AMAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
TROY000040848 Jefferson 31 Mar 2013 Brian R. Keener
7721
TROY
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UWAL0013405 Marengo 09 Mar 2013 England, J. Kevin
4087
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UNA00012392 Jefferson 1 Apr 1978 L. J. Davenport
301
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
SAMF0003468 Jefferson 29 Mar 1988 Davenport, L. J.
2539
SAMF
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
TROY000037461 Walker 25 Feb 2012 Brian R. Keener
6861
TROY
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
SAMF0003467 Jefferson 20 Mar 1953 unknown
s.n.
SAMF
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UNA00058436 Walker 20 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2465
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
56371AUA_ACC Morgan 28 MAR 1973 KRAL, ROBERT
49415
AUA
CARDAMINE DISSECTA (LEAVENW.) AL-SHEHBAZ
AMAL00013480 Cherokee 30 Mar 2006 Daniel D. Spaulding
12402
AMAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UWAL0008702 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 England, J. Kevin
2652
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UWAL0008132 Jefferson 28 Mar 1981 Kral, R.
66747
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UNA00012387 Tuscaloosa 5 Apr _ Eugene A. Smith
s.n.
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
UNA00012396 Walker 29 Mar 1939 Roland M. Harper
3704
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
UNA00064745 St. Clair 29 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2719
UNA
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
TROY000017505 Cullman 24 Mar 2008 Brian R. Keener
4092
TROY
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
AMAL00006060 Tuscaloosa 21 Mar 1976 R. Kral
58434
AMAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UWAL0008130 Cherokee 30 Mar 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2725
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UNA00012393 Walker 14 Mar 1977 John H. Wiersema
1
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
UWAL0011702 Jefferson 31 Mar 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7721
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UWAL0010464 Walker 25 Feb 2012 Keener, Brian R.
6861
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UNA00058493 Tuscaloosa 20 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2455
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
16843AUA_ACC Blount 1 APR 1966 KRAL, ROBERT
26094
AUA
CARDAMINE DISSECTA (LEAVENW.) AL-SHEHBAZ
AMAL00011718 St. Clair 29 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2719
AMAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
TROY000045028 Marengo 09 Mar 2013 J. Kevin England
4087
TROY
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
JSU139550 Blount 29 Mar 1999 Brian R. Keener
1849
JSU
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
45216AUA_ACC Blount 27 MAR 1987 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
3091
AUA
CARDAMINE DISSECTA (LEAVENW.) AL-SHEHBAZ
62003AUA_ACC Choctaw 3 MAR 1995 CROUCH, VIRGINIA E.
1303
AUA
CARDAMINE DISSECTA (LEAVENW.) AL-SHEHBAZ
TROY000017148 Tuscaloosa 21 Mar 1976 Robert Kral
57434
TROY
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UNA00025970 Tuscaloosa 27 Feb 1994 Carroll J. Mann
20
UNA
Dentaria multifida Muhl. ex Ell.
TROY000017146 Cherokee 30 Mar 2006 Brian R. Keener
2725
TROY
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
AMAL00006068 Tuscaloosa 20 Mar 2003 Brian R. Keener
2455
AMAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
TROY000039711 Marengo 28 Jun 2011 J. Kevin England
2652
TROY
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UWAL0018107 Limestone 26 Mar 1986 Kral, R.
73129
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
UWAL0033906 Fayette 30 Mar 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9441
UWAL
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenworth) Al-Shehbaz
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