Brassica napus

Family:BRASSICACEAE
Species:Brassica napus Linnaeus
Common Name:Rutabaga; Canola; Rape
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Biennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBRASSICACEAE - Mustard family
Genus Brassica
Species Brassica napus Linnaeus - Rutabaga; Canola; Rape

Citation

Citation BRASSICA NAPUS Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 666. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: LINN 844.10). Lectotypified by Jonsell, in Polhill et al., Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Cruciferae 7. 1982.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Brassica campestris var. glauca Brassica campestris Linnaeus, var. glauca (Roxburgh) Duthie & Fuller, Field Gard. Crops 2: 28. 1882-1893.Sinapis glauca Roxburgh 1832. 
Brassica campestris var. napobrassica Brassica campestris Linnaeus, var. napobrassica (Linnaeus) de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 589. 1821.Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. napobrassica Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica campestris var. pabularia Brassica campestris Linnaeus, var. pabularia de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 589. 1821.  
Brassica campestris var. trilocularis Brassica campestris Linnaeus, var. trilocularis (Roxburgh) Duthie & Fuller, Field Gard. Crops 2: 28. 1882-1893.Sinapis trilocularis Roxburgh 1832. 
Brassica campestris subsp. napus Brassica campestris Linnaeus, subsp. napus (Linnaeus) Hooker f. & Thomson, Fl. Brit. India 1: 156. 1872. Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753.  
Brassica campestris var. napus Brassica campestris Linnaeus, var. napus (Linnaeus) Babington, Man. Brit. Bot., ed. 8. 121. 1881.Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753.  
Brassica napus subsp. napobrassica Brassica napus Linnaeus, subsp. napobrassica (Linnaeus) Jafri, Fl. W. Pakistan 55: 24. 1973, nom. illegit.Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. napobrassica Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica napus subsp. oleifera Brassica napus Linnaeus, subsp. oleifera Metzger, Syst. Beschr. Kohlart 40. 1833, nom. inadmiss..Brassica oleifera Moench 1794, nom. illegit.; Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica napus subsp. rapifera Brassica napus Linnaeus, subsp. rapifera Metzger, Syst. Beschr. Kohlart 46. 1833.Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. napobrassica Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica napus var. alba Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. alba (de Candolle) Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 245. 1866.Brassica napus Linnaeus, forma alba de Candolle 1821. 
Brassica napus var. annua Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. annua Metzger, Syst. Beschr. Kohlart 45. 1833.  
Brassica napus var. arabica Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. arabica O. E. Schulz, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 70): 43. 1919.  
Brassica napus var. biennis Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. biennis Metzger, Syst. Beschr. Kohlart 40. 1833, nom. inadmiss.Brassica oleifera Moench 1794, nom. illegit.; Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica napus var. esculenta Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. esculenta de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 592. 1821.  
Brassica napus var. flava Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. flava (de Candolle) Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 246. 1866.Brassica napus Linnaeus, forma flava de Candolle 1821. 
Brassica napus var. glauca Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. glauca (Roxburgh) O. E. Schulz, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 70): 43. 1919.Sinapis glauca Roxburgh 1832. 
Brassica napus var. hyemalis Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. hyemalis Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 244. 1866.  
Brassica napus var. italica Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. italica Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 245. 1866.  
Brassica napus var. leptorhiza Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. leptorhiza Spach, Hist. Nat. Veg. 6: 367. 1838, nom. inadmiss.Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica napus var. napobrassica Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. napobrassica (Linnaeus) Reichenbach, Handb. Gewächsk., ed. 2. 3: 1220. 1833.Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. napobrassica Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica napus var. nigricans Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. nigricans (de Candolle) Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 246. 1866.Brassica napus Linnaeus, forma nigricans de Candolle 1821. 
Brassica napus var. oleifera Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. oleifera de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 592. 1821, nom. inadmiss.Brassica oleifera Moench 1794, nom. illegit.; Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753 
Brassica napus var. pabularia Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. pabularia (de Candolle) Reichenbach, Handb. Gewächsk., ed. 3. 2: 1220. 1833.Brassica campestris Linnaeus, var. pabularia de Candolle 1821. 
Brassica napus var. quadrivalvis Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. quadrivalvis (Hooker f. & Thomson) O. E. Schulz, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 70): 42. 1919.Brassica quadrivalvis Hooker f. & Thomson 1861. 
Brassica napus var. rossica Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. rossica Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 245. 1866.  
Brassica napus var. rutila Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. rutila Alefeld, Landw. Fl. 245. 1866.  
Brassica napus var. sarcorhiza Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. sarcorhiza Spach, Hist. Nat. Veg. 6: 367. 1838, nom. illegit.Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. napobrassica Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica napus var. sativa Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. sativa Schkuhr, Bot. Handb. 2: 258. 1796.  
Brassica napus var. sylvestris Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. sylvestris Schkuhr, Bot. Handb. 2: 258. 1796, nom. inadmiss.Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica napus var. syntomocarpa Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. syntomocarpa O. E. Schulz, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 70): 43. 1919.  
Brassica napus var. trimestris Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. trimestris Boenninghausen, Prodr. Fl. Monast. 201. 1824.  
Brassica napus var. typica Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. typica Pospichal, Fl. Oesterr. Küstenl. 1: 497. 1897, nom. inadmiss.Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica napus var. ulti Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. ulti (Prain) O. E. Schulz, in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4(Heft 70): 42. 1919.Brassica campestris Linnaeus, subvar. ulti Prain 1898. 
Brassica oleifera Brassica oleifera Moench, Methodus 253. 1794, nom. illegit.Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica oleracea var. arvensis Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. arvensis Duchesne, in Lamarck, Encycl. 1: 742. 1783.  
Brassica oleracea var. napobrassica Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. napobrassica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 667. 1753. Without data (neotype: Mattioli, Pl. Epit. pl. Napus. 1586). Neotypified by Oost et al., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 101: 344. 1989.
Brassica oleracea var. napus Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. napus (Linnaeus) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2:909. 1825.Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Brassica oleracea var. oleifera Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. oleifera Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 909. 1825.  
Brassica oleracea var. praecox Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. praecox (Waldstein & Kitaibel ex de Candolle) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 2: 909. 1825.Brassica praecox Waldstein & Kitaibel ex de Candolle 1821. 
Brassica praecox Brassica praecox Waldstein & Kitaibel ex de Candolle, Syst. Nat. 2: 593. 1821.  
Brassica quadrivalvis Brassica quadrivalvis Hooker f. & Thomson, J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Bot. 5: 170. 1861. INDIA
Brassica trilocularis Brassica trilocularis (Roxburgh) Hooker f. & Thomson, J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Bot. 5: 170. 1861.Sinapis trilocularis Roxburgh 1832. 
Brassoca napus var. brevirostris Brassica napus Linnaeus, var. brevirostris Borbás, Math. Termeszettud Közlem. 15: 176. 1878.  
Napus oleifera Napus oleifera Schimper & Spenner ex Spenner, Fl. Friburg 3: 940. 1829.BASIONYM: Brassica oleifera Moench 1794, nom. illegit.; Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Rapa napus Rapa napus (Linnaeus) Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Raphanus napus Raphanus napus (Linnaeus) Crantz, Cl. Crucif. Emend. 113. 1769.Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapis dichotoma Sinapis dichotoma Roxburgh ex Fleming, Asiat. Res. 11(3): 179. 1810.  
Sinapis glauca Sinapis glauca Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 118. 1832. INDIA
Sinapis napus Sinapis napus (Linnaeus) Brotero, Fl. Lusit. 1: 586. 1804.Brassica napus Linnaeus 1753. 
Sinapis trilocularis Sinapis trilocularis Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 3: 121. 1832. NEPAL
Brassica napobrassica Brassica napobrassica (Linnaeus) Miller, Gard. Dict., ed. 8. 1768.Brassica oleracea Linnaeus, var. napobrassica Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Butler, Chilton, Clay, Conecuh, Lamar, Lee, Lowndes, Mobile, Morgan, Pike, Sumter, Talladega

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
15099AUA_ACC Lee 6 APR 1969 BARNES, W. K.
11
AUA
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
14572AUA_ACC Barbour 29 MAR 1969 HALL, WILLIAM G.
27
AUA
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
UWAL0010814 Butler 11 Feb 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22802
UWAL
Brassica napus Linnaeus
55571AUA_ACC Lamar 28 MAR 1972 KRAL, ROBERT
45164
AUA
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
64965AUA_ACC Chilton 10 APR 2005 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
15121
AUA
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
UNA00066060 Talladega 6 Apr 1979 Becky Banker
s.n.
UNA
Brassica napus L.
USAM000003136 Mobile 20 Mar 1968 Michel G. Lelong
4243
USAM
Brassica napus L.
UNA00012433 Mobile 30 Apr 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D890
UNA
Brassica napus L.
TROY000034627 Butler 11 Feb 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22802
TROY
Brassica napus Linnaeus
TROY000017098 Morgan 22 May 1985 Gary Bell
s.n.
TROY
Brassica napus Linnaeus
TROY000017097 Chilton 10 Apr 2005 Alvin R. Diamond
15121
TROY
Brassica napus Linnaeus
UWAL0033717 Sumter 09 Jun 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9670
UWAL
Brassica napus Linnaeus
34694AUA_ACC Lee 5 MAY 1970 SULLIVAN, TERRY K.
83
AUA
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
50414AUA_ACC Pike 18 FEB 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5689
AUA
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
TROY000003250 Conecuh 07 Apr 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12351
TROY
Brassica napus Linnaeus
USAM000003135 Mobile 01 May 1976 Michel G. Lelong
9192
USAM
Brassica napus L.
UNA00012434 22 May 1887 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Brassica napus L.
2387AUA_ACC Lee 12 FEB 1956 CLARK, V. J.
AUA
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
23634AUA_ACC Clay 10 APR 1971 DONOVAN, LOIS A.
113
AUA
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
65513AUA_ACC Lee 1 APR 2005 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
1715
AUA
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
35528AUA_ACC Lowndes 15 APR 1971 JAMES, AUDREY
60
AUA
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
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