Catalpa bignonioides

Family:BIGNONIACEAE
Species:Catalpa bignonioides Walter
Common Name:Southern Catalpa; Cigar Tree; Caterpillar Tree
Habitat:Stream banks, bottomland forests, and fence rows.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:CABI8
Plant Notes:Southern Catalpa is a fast growing but short lived native deciduous tree. It can be found throughout the state. In the wild it is primarily found on creek banks and floodplains. However it has been widely cultivated and can now be found in many different habitats. It tolerates a wide range of soil conditions from wet to dry nutrient poor soils. Southern Catalpa is a fast growing, but often crooked tree reaching heights of 60 feet. The bark is brown or gray in color and broken into thin plates. White lenticels are prominent on young twigs. The leaves are primarily opposite, but whorled leaves are not un-common. The long petiolate leaves are cordate in outline with entire margins. The leaves have small glands between the veins that secrete nectar. This attracts ants which help to remove insects feeding on the leaves. Flowers are produced in panicles at the tips of the branches. The trumpet shaped flowers are white in color with gold lines and purple spots within the throat. These spots and lines act as bee guides, directing pollinators to the interior of the flower. The fruit is a long cylindrical capsule that splits to release many flat, winged seed. Southern Catalpa wood is very rot resistant, and it is often used for fence post and railroad ties. The small size of the tree and its crooked growth form limits its use for other purposes. Southern Catalpa is often cultivated for “catalpa worms” which are prized fish bait. The “worms” are the caterpillars of the Catalpa Sphinx Moth (Ceratomia catalpae). Another common name for this plant is “cigar tree” or “Indian cigar”. Children once collected and smoked the fruit for their mild narcotic effect. Many Southerners call these trees “catawba”, which was the original name given to them by the Catawba tribe of North and South Carolina. The mistake in the scientific name is due to a transcription error during the description of the genus. Southern Catalpa is available from nurseries, including forms with golden or purple fol
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FAC- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyBIGNONIACEAE - Trumpet-Creeper/Bignonia family
Genus Catalpa
Species Catalpa bignonioides Walter - Southern Catalpa; Cigar Tree; Caterpillar Tree

Citation

Citation CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES Walter, Fl. Carol. 64. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: SOUTH CAROLINA: Lexington Co.: Leesville, 30 May 1997, Nelson 18315 (neotype: GH; isoneotype: USCH). Neotypified by D. B. Ward, J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 1098. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Bignonia catalpa Bignonia catalpa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 622. 1753. SOUTH CAROLINA: Without data (lectotype: Catesby, Nat. Hist. Carolina 1: t. 49. 1730). Lectotypified by Reveal, Bartonia 56: 17. 1990.
Catalpa arborea Catalpa arborea Payer, in Payer & Baillon, Lecons Fam. Nat. 214. 1862.  
Catalpa bignonioides var. aurea Catalpa bignonioides Walter, var. aurea Bureau, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 3. 6: 183. 1894.  
Catalpa bignonioides var. koehnei Catalpa bignonioides Walter, var. koehnei (Hesse) Hesse ex Dode, Bull. Soc. Dendrol. France 1907: 206. 1907.Catalpa syringifolia Sims, var. koehnei Hesse 1903. 
Catalpa bignonioides var. nana Catalpa bignonioides Walter, var. nana Bureau, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 3. 6: 183. 1894.  
Catalpa communis Catalpa communis Dumont du Courset, Bot. Cult. 2: 189. 1802.  
Catalpa cordifolia Catalpa cordifolia Moench, Methodus 464. 1794.Bignonia catalpa Linnaeus 1753. 
Catalpa syringifolia Catalpa syringifolia Sims, Bot. Mag. 27: t. 1094. 1806.  
Catalpa syringifolia var. koehnei Catalpa syringifolia Sims, var. koehnei Hesse, Gartenflora 52: 47. 1903.  
Catalpa ternifolia Catalpa ternifolia Cavanilles, Descr. Pl. 26. 1802, nom. illegit.Catalpa cordifolia Moench 1794; Bignonia catalpa Linnaeus 1753. 
Catalpa umbraculifera Catalpa umbraculifera Ugolini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 13: 330. 1888.  
Catalpium amena Catalpium amena Rafinesque, Fl. Ludov. 139. 1817, nom. illegit.Catalpa cordifolia Moench 1794; Bignonia catalpa Linnaeus 1753. 
Catalpa catalpa Catalpa catalpa (Linnaeus) H. Karsten, Deut. Fl. 277. 1882, nom. inadmiss.Bignonia catalpa Linnaeus 1753. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clay, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Greene, Hale, Henry, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Macon, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: -

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU114302 Calhoun 27 May 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11167
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
52040AUA_ACC Dale 24 MAY 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8267
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
UNA00048681 Hale 4 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8058
UNA
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
18839AUA_ACC Macon 16 MAY 1970 BENIWAL, S. P.
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
JSU114304 Clay 3 Jun 1994 J. M. Ballard
4823
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
17731AUA_ACC Conecuh 10 AUG 1969 WEAVER, JIMMY
220
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
JSU114307 DeKalb 6 Jul 1969 Linda Millican
s.n.
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
22583AUA_ACC Lee 7 NOV 1971 HUDSON, MARY
210
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
UWAL0034721 Limestone 19 May 1995 Kral, R.
84731
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000003218 Pike 07 Nov 2000 Robert Precise
2
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
AMAL00021451 Calhoun 23 Sep 2014 Daniel D. Spaulding
14168
AMAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
UWAL0007896 Sumter 23 May 1984 Green
0022
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
SAMF0005023 Cleburne 22 Jun 2002 Hataway, Drew
20
SAMF
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000003210 Butler 07 Jul 2001 Alvin R. Diamond
12490
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
JSU114315 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18587
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
67652AUA_ACC Montgomery 9 APR 2007 SHEPHERD, J. J.
1-16
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
UNA00042928 Lee 21 Jun 1980 L. J. Davenport
1974
UNA
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
JSU114320 Tallapoosa 12 Oct 1985 C. M. Moore
046
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
38310AUA_ACC Henry 20 MAY 1972 COX, J. E.
155
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
SAMF0005022 Cullman 08 May 1965 Myers, Martha Crystal
s.n.
SAMF
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
UWAL0035878 Blount 14 Jun 2013 Anderson, Kelly
0272
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
AUA000032693 Covington 14 Sep 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4891
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALT.
TROY000003219 Pike 20 Apr 1991 J. Birks
22
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
JSU114316 Randolph 2 Aug 1986 C. F. Nixon
2557
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
UWAL0031135 Calhoun 23 Sep 2014 Spaulding, Dan
14168
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
17730AUA_ACC Lee 14 JUL 1969 ELLIS, H. C.
52
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
18807AUA_ACC Lee 7 MAY 1970 MONTGOMERY, JOHN
144
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
TROY000016720 Butler 16 Aug 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17920
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
43309AUA_ACC Conecuh 24 MAY 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
717
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
UNA00042930 Wilcox 26 May 1978 Robert R. Haynes
6525
UNA
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
11628AUA_ACC Houston 7 MAY 1967 BARRICK, WILLIAM E.
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
TROY000016901 Blount 24 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
833
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
JSU114318 Shelby 2 Oct 1983 E. M. Lowe
s.n.
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
4292AUA_ACC Lee 20 MAY 1949 WALTERS, R. E.
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
JSU114306 Etowah 27 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1307
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
SAMF0005024 Jefferson 14 May 2001 von Herrmann, Paul F.
28
SAMF
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
UWAL0010552 Marengo 19 Jul 2012 England, J. Kevin
3700
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
41113AUA_ACC Cherokee 5 MAY 1972 HALE, A. R.
128
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
JSU114317 Randolph 5 Jul 1969 Tommy Herren
s.n.
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000003215 Dale 12 Jul 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
SAMF0005018 Jefferson ?? Jul 1948 Hall
s.n.
SAMF
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000003209 Barbour 03 Sep 2000 Alvin R. Diamond
12075
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
15048AUA_ACC Lee 16 MAY 1969 SEAY, J. R.
131
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
JSU114310 Lee 29 Jun 1978 R. Kral
62203
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000003213 Coffee 21 Apr 2000 Brian H. Martin
605
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
35792AUA_ACC Lee 6 OCT 1972 BOWERS, JOHN R.
127
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
AMAL00012037 Macon 09 Jul 1986 Veronica Crockett
026
AMAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
USAM000003027 Mobile 28 Apr 1967 Michel G. Lelong
3097
USAM
Catalpa bignioides Walt.
JSU114303 Calhoun 1 May 1967 N. Harris
s.n.
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
41377AUA_ACC Pike 13 MAY 1973 KING, B. L.
112
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
JSU114297 Calhoun 23 Jun 1985 B. Boozer
006
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000003212 Coffee 08 May 1991 Tammy Turner
17
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
SAMF0005020 Blount 03 Jun 2005 Davenport, L. J.
3205
SAMF
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
UWAL0036973 Lawrence 17 May 2017 England, J. Kevin
7782
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
SAMF0005019 Jefferson 17 Jul 1948 Hill, W.
s.n.
SAMF
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
UWAL0007895 Butler 16 Aug 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17920
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
UNA00055988 Covington 24 Jun 1998 John R. MacDonald
11476
UNA
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
UWAL0011050 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0615
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
60423AUA_ACC Crenshaw 24 AUG 1997 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
11086
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
SAMF0005021 Greene 28 Jul 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5285
SAMF
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
UWAL0035015 Morgan 10 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
8006
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
JSU114313 Marshall 30 Jul 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2454
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
4290AUA_ACC Lee 15 MAY 1953 WALSH, C. S.
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
TROY000038687 Marengo 19 Jul 2012 J. Kevin England
3700
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000003216 Dale 03 May 1997 Lee Ann Irwin
6
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
41378AUA_ACC Bullock 12 MAY 1973 GUYSE, KEITH D.
172
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
JSU114309 Lee 8 Aug 1988 S. C. Johnson
s.n.
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000035089 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Bailee Dykes
615
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
JSU114308 Jackson 18 Sep 1998 K. R. Brodeur
1414
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
USAM000003025 Mobile 08 May 1973 Michel G. Lelong
6932
USAM
Catalpa bignioides Walt.
49323AUA_ACC Pike 18 MAY 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
4799
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
NY02584060 Etowah 09 Jul 1898 Heinrich K. D. Eggert
s.n.
NY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
4291AUA_ACC Lee 15 MAY 1949 CUNNINGHAM, HUGH B.
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
JSU114319 Talladega 2 Sep 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13610
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000033830 Houston 08 Oct 2011 Whitney Senn
91
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
JSU114301 Calhoun 28 Oct 1992 D. D. Spaulding
3052
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
58173AUA_ACC Tallapoosa 2 MAY 1998 TYLER, PATRICIA J.
TYLER 214
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
TROY000016902 Etowah 20 Sep 1987 Erick Alford
145
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
AUA000031086 Lee 6 May 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4640
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALT.
TROY000003220 Pike 30 May 1996 Jeanese Holmes
188
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
15047AUA_ACC Chambers 9 MAY 1969 GREGORY, J. M.
32
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
USAM000003026 Mobile 16 Oct 1978 Paul R. Cook, III
s.n.
USAM
Catalpa bignioides Walt.
JSU114311 Madison 29 Jun 1969 Jessica Tuder
s.n.
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
5253AUA_ACC Monroe 5 MAY 1967 NEWMAN, GARY
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
TROY000035579 Montgomery 07 Sep 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23306
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000003217 Escambia 05 May 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
155
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
32923AUA_ACC Macon 9 MAY 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
52
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
JSU114299 Calhoun 11 Jul 1986 C. L. Lawler
736
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
30330AUA_ACC DeKalb 17 MAY 1969 CHITWOOD, JOHN C.
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
SAMF0005016 Jefferson 18 May 1953 Kennedy, C.
s.n.
SAMF
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000034760 Conecuh 28 Apr 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
22986
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
NY02584104 Hale 04 Aug 1980 Robert R. Haynes
8058
NY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
46949AUA_ACC Henry 7 MAY 1978 LAMB, TRIP
123
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
JSU114298 Calhoun 23 Jun 1985 B. Boozer
006
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
TROY000003214 Dale 03 May 2000 Tiffany Pennington
618
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
UNA00022748 Greene 8 Jun 1993 Chris G. Haynes
s.n.
UNA
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
UNA00042931 Hale 22 May 1966 Sherrie E. Maginness
s.n.
UNA
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
UWAL0010759 Conecuh 28 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22986
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
JSU114314 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 R. D. Whetstone
18589
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
58347AUA_ACC Bibb 10 JUL 1999 SMITH, S. T.
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
UNA00042929 Tallapoosa 21 Jun 1980 L. J. Davenport
1980
UNA
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
JSU114312 Marshall 12 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2025
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
4248AUA_ACC Elmore 20 MAY 1964 CREEL, JOHN
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
SAMF0005015 Jefferson 07 Jul 1948 Pannell, E. J.
s.n.
SAMF
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
UWAL0034374 Autauga 12 Jul 1995 Kral, R.
85192
UWAL
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
AUA000032694 Covington 14 Sep 2010 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
4891
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALT.
TROY000003211 Coffee 26 Aug 2006 Jake Hendrix
22
TROY
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
UNA00058445 Blount 24 May 1998 Brian R. Keener
833
UNA
Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
USAM000003024 Mobile 16 May 1969 Kleo Hill
11
USAM
Catalpa bignioides Walt.
JSU114305 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
274
JSU
Catalpa bignonioides Walter
21167AUA_ACC Lee 12 MAY 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
209-69
AUA
CATALPA BIGNONIOIDES WALTER
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