Soliva sessilis

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pav.
Common Name:Lawn Burweed; Field Burweed
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:SOSE2
Plant Notes:Lawn Burweed is an introduced herbaceous annual in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It is native to South America. In Alabama it can be found throughout the state. Lawn Burweed grows in lawns, on roadsides, and in fallow fields. It is a low growing winter annual with a tap roots. Stems are from 2-5 inches in length, prostrate to ascending, green in color, and pubescent. The leaves are opposite and 2-3 times pinnately lobed. Flowers are produced in heads. The heads are sessile in the forks of branches or in the axils of leaves. The heads contain 4-8 disc flowers. The flowers are very tiny and yellowish green in color. The fruit is an achene. The achene is brown and flat with broad, sinuate wings. Each achene has a sharp spine-like tooth. Lawn Burweed is a common lawn weed, especially in high traffic areas. The sharp spines easily penetrate the flesh of people walking barefoot, and even cats and dogs will avoid areas where it grows. It can be removed by pulling up plants if the infestation is not severe. A Post-Emergent Herbicides can be used on large areas.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACU- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Soliva
Species Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pav. - Lawn Burweed; Field Burweed

Citation

Citation Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón, Syst. Veg. Fl. Peruv. Chil. 1: 215. 1798.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Gymnostyles alata Gymnostyles alata Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 3: 500. 1826. BRAZIL
Gymnostyles barcklayana Gymnostyles barcklayana (de Candolle) Steudel, Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2. 1: 713. 1840.Soliva barcklayana de Candolle 1838. 
Gymnostyles chilensis Gymnostyles chilensis Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 3: 500. 1826, nom. illegit.Soliva sessilis Ruiz López & Pavón 1798. 
Gymnostyles pterosperma Gymnostyles pterosperma Jussieu, Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 4: 262, t. 16(3). 1804.  
Soliva alata Soliva alata (Sprengel) de Candolle, Prodr. 6: 143. 1838.Gymnostyles alata Sprengel 1826. 
Soliva barcklayana Soliva barcklayana de Candolle, Prodr. 6: 143. 1838.  
Soliva daucifolia Soliva daucifolia Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., ser. 2. 7: 403. 1841. CALIFORNIA
Soliva neglecta Soliva neglecta Cabrera, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 14: 128. 1949. ARGENTINA
Soliva valdiviana Soliva valdiviana Philippi, Linnaea 33: 168. 1864. CHILE
Soliva pterosperma Soliva pterosperma (Jussieu) Lessing, Syn. Gen. Compos. 368. 1832.Gymnostyles pterosperma Jussieu 1804. 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clay, Coffee, Colbert, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Henry, Houston, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Randolph, St. Clair, Sumter, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1958 - 1965

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00058695 St. Clair 09 May 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2567
UNA
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pav?n
UNA00049979 Tuscaloosa 01 Jan 1958 Harper, Roland M.
4386
UNA
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pav?n
JSU123139 Calhoun 4 Mar 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
5146
JSU
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
JSU123145 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 Whetstone, R. David
8088
JSU
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0038402 Mobile 21 Apr 1968 LeLong, Michel G.
4369
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000002922 Conecuh 07 Apr 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12335
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UNA00049978 Mobile 01 May 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
D394
UNA
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pav?n
AMAL00011665 Cherokee 27 Mar 2005 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12221
AMAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavn
AUA000007975 Dale 21 Mar 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8007
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007977 Lee 2 May 1949 Cunningham, Hugh B.
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0015047 Bullock 21 Feb 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1514
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000002924 Dale 14 Mar 2000 Prazinko, Brian F.
s.n.
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000016406 Elmore 01 May 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16346
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000030109 Baldwin 23 Mar 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
595
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0039773 Lowndes 29 Apr 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28231
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000008247 Crenshaw 05 Apr 1997 Dickenson, Andrew
3
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UNA00049977 Tuscaloosa 10 May 1965 Deramus, Rebecca
432
UNA
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pav?n
UWAL0017704 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26099
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007984 Montgomery 2 May 1951 Dahlen, James H.
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0009384 St. Clair 09 May 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2567
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0018729 Calhoun 18 Mar 2011 England, J. Kevin
2690
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000016404 Calhoun 05 May 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11245
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000045029 Marengo 09 Mar 2013 England, J. Kevin
4089
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000037723 Covington 18 May 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4691
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007981 Lee 5 Apr 1964 Creel, John
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AMAL00010782 St. Clair 09 May 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2567
AMAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0003036 Escambia 06 Mar 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6325
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
JSU123142 Escambia 2 Jun 1970 Kral, Robert
39531
JSU
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000024900 Elmore 1 May 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16346
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000046282 Lowndes 29 Apr 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28231
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0013406 Marengo 09 Mar 2013 England, J. Kevin
4089
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0046718 Autauga 18 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
807
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
JSU123143 Marshall 4 Jun 1992 Spaulding, Daniel D.
1891
JSU
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0047972 Barbour 06 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10690
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0038962 Lawrence 25 Mar 2019 England, J. Kevin
10025
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
SAMF0007117 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Lelong, Michel G.
4419
SAMF
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
UWAL0049089 Bullock 27 May 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3268
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
AMAL00021775 Lauderdale 15 Apr 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13709
AMAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000031609 Montgomery 05 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21300
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000016407 St. Clair 03 Apr 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12074
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007986 St. Clair 3 Apr 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12074
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007972 Conecuh 4 Apr 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3109
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000044509 Calhoun 18 Mar 2011 England, J. Kevin
2690
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000038099 Bullock 21 Feb 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1514
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007976 Henry 16 May 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8624
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007973 Covington 27 Apr 1979 Crawford, Lloyd C.
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AMAL00016597 Elmore 01 May 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16346
AMAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0018315 Covington 08 Apr 1988 Kral, Robert
74573
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
AUA000007979 Lee 7 May 1950 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000016268 Butler 29 Apr 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17469
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0051895 DeKalb 30 Apr 2021 England, J. Kevin
11992
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pav.
TROY000046956 Mobile 27 Apr 1968 Lelong, Michel G.
4419
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007982 Lee 30 Apr 1963 Rogers, Ken E.
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0001749 Sumter 07 Apr 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5729
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007978 Lee 10 May 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AMAL00010113 St. Clair 03 Apr 2004 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12074
AMAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavn
JSU123144 Tuscaloosa 2 Apr 1976 Atkinson, Tim A.
1162
JSU
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0043748 Baldwin 22 Apr 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
707
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
JSU123140 Clay 18 Mar 1995 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8902
JSU
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007971 Barbour 18 Jan 1972 Kral, Robert
45023
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000048878 Autauga 18 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
807
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007974 Crenshaw 30 May 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
10286
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000042366 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26099
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000008250 Escambia 21 May 1995 Brittain, Cynthia L.
240
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000002923 Dale 17 Apr 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15171
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AMAL00021270 Randolph 12 Jun 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
1215
AMAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0002065 Montgomery 05 May 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21300
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
AUA000007983 Lee Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
TROY000008246 Covington s.d. Childree, K.E.
19
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0031473 Morgan 02 Jan 2016 England, J. Kevin
5813
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
UWAL0009250 Montgomery 28 Apr 2011 Keener, Brian R.
6423
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0038874 Covington 18 May 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4691
UWAL
Soliva sessilis ruiz & Pavón
UWAL0016537 Lauderdale 15 Apr 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13709
UWAL
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
SAMF0003256 Covington 08 Apr 1988 Kral, Robert
74573
SAMF
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
AUA000007980 Lee 1 Apr 1973 Scruggs, Debra A.
013
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AMAL00003331 Calhoun 05 May 2002 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11245
AMAL
Soliva sessilis R. & P.
JSU123141 Colbert 6 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4448
JSU
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
ALNHS00001922 Mobile 14 May 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#987
ALNHS
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavon
TROY000002921 Coffee 10 Apr 2000 Martin, Brian H.
560
TROY
Soliva sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000027315 Lauderdale 15 Apr 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13709
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
AUA000007985 Pike 19 Apr 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
4469
AUA
Soliva Sessilis Ruiz & Pavón
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