Asarum canadense

Family:ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
Species:Asarum canadense L.
Common Name:Canadian Wild Ginger
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:The "Deciduous Gingers" [genus Asarum s.s.] have been a source of confusion in the Eastern USA for ages. In following other floristic treatments from the Eastern USA, all of the material in Alabama has historically been treated as Asarum canadense L. while subsuming the other taxa in synonymy. However, as pointed out by Estes (2015), it appears some of the lesser used taxon names seem to have merit and should be recognized. When using these names, it appears that most all material from Alabama is identifiable with Asarum reflexum E.P. Bicknell while the true Asarum canadense L. is extremely rare in Alabama only occurring in Jackson County (Spaulding et al 2018). Asarum reflexum has reflexed calyx lobes that gradually tapered to an acute but flattened tip while Asarum canadense has spreading calyx lobes that are abruptly contracted into a long revolute narrow tip. Sometimes these differences are difficult to determine on a herbarium sheet and are much easier assessed in fresh material.--B. Keener
Status:Native, S1 (State Rank), G5 (Global Rank)
References:Estes, D. 2015. Is over-reliance of using herbarium specimens for taxonomic studies leading us to underestimate Southeastern plant diversity? Part 1 of 2. Natural History, Flora, and Vegetation of the Southeastern US. [southeastveg.blogspot.com] |||Spaulding, D.D., et al. 2019. Flora of northern Alabama, part 4. Basal monocots: Acorales and Alismatales, sweetflag to pondweeds. Phytoneuron 2019-47: 1–132.
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyARISTOLOCHIACEAE - Birthwort family
Genus Asarum
Species Asarum canadense L. - Canadian Wild Ginger

Citation

Citation Asarum canadense Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 442. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: Without data (lectotype: Cornut, Canad. Pl.: 25 [icon] "Asarom canadense" 1635. Lectotypified by Reveal & Jarvis, Taxon 58(3): 978. 2009.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Blount, Butler, Calhoun, Clarke, Colbert, Cullman, DeKalb, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Monroe, Morgan, Russell, Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UNAF, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1943 - 1995

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU120042 Fayette 18 Apr 1979 Whetstone, R. David
9366
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0000340 Lawrence 11 Apr 2003 England, J. Kevin
394
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120038 Etowah 22 Mar 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
613
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AMAL00012876 St. Clair 29 Mar 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2724
AMAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71056 Monroe 12 May 1981 O'Halloran, K.
145
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
AUA_ACC_40679 Jackson 30 Apr 1983 Whetstone, R.David
13019
AUA
Asarum Canadense L.
JSU120048 Jackson 30 Mar 1974 Durham, Steven D.
s.n.
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0015560 Lawrence 05 Apr 2014 England, J. Kevin
4767
UWAL
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71049 Marengo 01 Apr 1968 Kral, Robert
30019
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120061 Morgan 2 Apr 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
516
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71078 Blount 28 Mar 1981 Kral, Robert
66759
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
AMAL00016253 Lauderdale 11 May 2009 Holt, Brian D.
SC-49
AMAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT73314 Tuscaloosa 20 Mar 1976 Kral, Robert
57488
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120040 Etowah 26 Apr 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1231
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_49542 Russell 18 Aug 1988 Diamond, Alvin R.
5369
AUA
Asarum Canadense L.
UNA00059455 Madison 22 May 1996 Whetstone, R.D.
674
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
UWAL0000341 St. Clair 29 Mar 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2724
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71073 Morgan 12 Apr 1970 Kral, Robert
38330
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
UNAF0000718 Lauderdale 24 Apr 1969 Cunningham, J.R.
s.n.
UNAF
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AMAL00010025 Blount 02 Nov 1986 Nixon, Christoper F.
3279
AMAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71046 Lowndes 06 Apr 1993 Kral, Robert
81986
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
TROY000016695 Wilcox 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4165
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0000337 Clarke 29 Mar 1980 Kral, Robert
66794
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71039 Jackson 30 Apr 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13019
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120060 Madison 24 Apr 1996 Threlkeld, Steven J.
210
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00058737 Etowah 29 Mar 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2501
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
TROY000046695 Marengo 20 Apr 2013 England, J. Kevin
4168
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00053490 Lawrence 07 Apr 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
1903
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
AMAL00005852 Madison 22 May 1996 Threlkeld, Steven J.
674
AMAL
Asarum canadensis L.
BRIT71080 Calhoun 06 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
278
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
UWAL0009814 Blount 14 Apr 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7115
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
JSU143451 Etowah 27 Mar 1973 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-958
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0019072 Franklin 14 Apr 1998 Kral, Robert
87279
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71045 Lawrence 07 May 1980 Davenport, L.J.
1835
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120058 Limestone 1 Mar 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
00259
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0032362 Franklin 14 Apr 2016 England, J. Kevin
6223
UWAL
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
JSU120044 Jackson 14 Apr 1973 Kral, Robert
49588
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AUA000038723 Blount 22 Apr 1930 Schneider, Anthony
AUA
Asarum Canadense L.
SAMF0000123 Jefferson 27 Apr 2007 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3692
SAMF
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AMAL00005849 Etowah 29 Mar 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2501
AMAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71052 Marshall 21 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
586
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
AUA_ACC_64668 Lawrence 17 Apr 2005 Keener, Brian R.
2647
AUA
Asarum Canadense L.
UNA00047570 Madison 20 Apr 1973 Simmers, Richard W.
s.n.
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
UNAF0000711 Colbert 05 Apr 1986 Simbeck, Damien
04036
UNAF
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0012387 Butler 02 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23888
UWAL
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71076 Etowah 29 Mar 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2501
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
UWAL0046170 Autauga 17 Apr 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1613
UWAL
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AMAL00019401 Calhoun 25 May 1979 Haynes, Robert R.
7188
AMAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71036 Fayette 20 Apr 1965 Kral, Robert
23744
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120050 Jackson 28 Mar 1976 Atkinson, Tim A.
955
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AMAL00005854 Tuscaloosa 20 Mar 1976 Kral, Robert
57448
AMAL
Asarum canadense L.
UNA00053731 Blount 22 Mar 1997 Keener, Brian R.
53
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
UWAL0016912 Marengo 20 Apr 2013 England, J. Kevin
4168
UWAL
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71053 Marshall 11 Apr 1969 Kral, Robert
34204
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120053 Jefferson 30 Mar 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1378
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AMAL00015063 Lowndes 22 Mar 2008 Soehren, Eric C.
111
AMAL
Asarum canadense L.
TROY000014155 Tuscaloosa 20 Mar 1976 Kral, Robert
57448
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0035252 Franklin 09 Apr 2012 Cobb, Richard
s.n.
UWAL
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
JSU143450 Jackson 31 Mar 1973 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-959
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00064718 St. Clair 29 Mar 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2724
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
TROY000050822 Lauderdale 17 Apr 2011 England, J. Kevin
2795
TROY
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71047 Lowndes 17 Apr 1980 Gholson, Angus
8237
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
UWAL0000339 Lawrence 18 Apr 2009 England, J. Kevin
1985
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
UNAF0000717 Limestone 25 Apr 1998 Williams, Tim
s.n.
UNAF
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71038 Jackson 18 Apr 1971 Kral, Robert
42086
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120062 Morgan 27 Mar 1976 Whetstone, R. David
7739A
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00026594 Morgan 15 Apr 1995 Haynes, Robert R.
9538
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120057 Lawrence 17 Sep 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6389
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00028700 Lauderdale 09 Apr 1988 Haynes, Robert R.
9336
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71037 Franklin 14 Apr 1998 Kral, Robert
87297
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71040 Jackson 14 Apr 1973 Kral, Robert
49588
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120037 Cullman 12 Apr 1970 Kral, Robert
38330
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_46796 Monroe 3 Apr 1981 Floyd, Ed
035
AUA
Asarum Canadense L.
AMAL00005855 Walker 20 Mar 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2463
AMAL
Asarum canadense L.
UNA00029856 Marshall 21 May 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
586
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
TROY000014153 Jackson 31 Mar 1973 Whetstone, R. David
n.s.
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00050040 Calhoun 6 May 1986 Lawler, C.L.
278
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
UNAF0000712 Lauderdale 15 Apr 1969 Maynard, G.E.
s.n.
UNAF
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_37073 Monroe 12 May 1981 O'Halloran, K.
145
AUA
Asarum Canadense L.
BRIT71043 Lawrence 17 Apr 2005 Keener, Brian R.
2647
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
UWAL0047785 Lawrence 02 Apr 2007 England, J. Kevin
580
UWAL
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
JSU120046 Jackson 4 May 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6088
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71042 Lauderdale 19 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82318
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120039 Etowah 26 Mar 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
31
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
TROY000014152 Etowah 29 Mar 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2501
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00058426 Walker 20 Mar 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2463
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
TROY000048588 Autauga 17 Apr 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1613
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71074 DeKalb 11 Apr 1969 Kral, Robert
34172
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120056 Lawrence 10 Apr 1978 Kral, Robert
61439
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AMAL00005850 Etowah 06 Apr 1995 Spaulding, Daniel D.
7860
AMAL
Asarum canadense L.
AMAL00013864 Lawrence 17 Apr 2005 Keener, Brian R.
2647
AMAL
Asarum canadense L.
UNA00029826 Jackson 22 Apr 1943 Harper, Roland M.
3925
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120047 Jackson 31 Mar 1973 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-959
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00045984 Calhoun 6 May 1986 Lawler, C.L.
278
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
SAMF0000124 Lawrence 02 May 1987 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2524
SAMF
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
TROY000014151 Etowah 27 Mar 1973 Landers, Kenneth E.
n.s.
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT73316 Winston 18 May 1990 Jones, S.
4838
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
UWAL0037635 Limestone 03 Apr 2018 England, J. Kevin
8907
UWAL
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
JSU120041 Etowah 27 Mar 1973 Landers, Kenneth E.
RDW-958
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71041 Lauderdale 18 Jun 1983 Kral, Robert
70243
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
TROY000034972 Butler 22 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22957
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00058704 Lawrence 17 Apr 2005 Keener, Brian R.
2647
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
TROY000014154 Lawrence 17 Apr 2005 Keener, Brian R.
2647
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71044 Lawrence 10 Apr 1978 Kral, Robert
61489
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71050 Marion 17 May 1973 Kral, Robert
50054
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120045 Jackson 28 Mar 1975 Whetstone, R. David
7640
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_35015 Shelby 19 Jul 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1721
AUA
Asarum Canadense L.
BRIT71055 Morgan 10 Apr 1970 Simmers, Richard W.
1758
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
TROY000038257 Butler 02 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23888
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00029721 Etowah 28 Apr 1979 Wiersema, John H.
619
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120043 Jackson 1 May 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
636
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0012293 Madison 13 Apr 2013 Keener, Brian R.
7760
UWAL
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
JSU120054 Lauderdale 6 Apr 1967 Frutiger, John
29
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0051424 Jackson 30 Apr 1983 Whetstone, R.D.
13019
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71058 Etowah 01 Apr 1984 Kral, Robert
71162
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU139567 Shelby 11 Oct 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10164
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71081 Clarke 29 Mar 1980 Kral, Robert
66794
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
AUA000038722 Blount 7 Apr 1933 Wolf, Wolfgang
AUA
Asarum Canadense L.
JSU120059 Limestone 1 Mar 1997 Hofmann, Tim L.
00308
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_55709 Jackson 18 Apr 1971 Kral, Robert
42086
AUA
Asarum Canadense L.
BRIT71077 Etowah 22 Mar 1984 Barber, J. Patrick
86
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
UWAL0000344 Wilcox 31 Mar 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4165
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71051 Marshall 12 Apr 1981 Kral, Robert
66888
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
TROY000031891 Lowndes 27 Jul 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21499
TROY
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71054 Morgan 05 May 1971 Kral, Robert
42574
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120052 Jackson 30 Apr 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13019
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0001965 Lowndes 27 Jul 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21499
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71035 Fayette 23 Mar 1977 Simmers, Richard W.
s.n.
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120036 Calhoun 6 May 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
278
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0048010 Lawrence 25 Mar 2020 England, J. Kevin
10807
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120055 Lauderdale 6 Apr 1967 Moore, Harold
50
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UNA00029806 Madison 20 Apr 1979 Meigs, Russell A.
99
UNA
Asarum canadense L.
BRIT71075 DeKalb 01 Apr 1995 Kral, Robert
84369
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
AMAL00005851 Lauderdale 16 Apr 2001 Threlkeld, Steven J.
1404
AMAL
Asarum canadensis L.
BRIT71057 Talladega 31 Mar 1967 Kral, Robert
28051
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
UWAL0000342 St. Clair 07 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3460
UWAL
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120063 St. Clair 25 May 1973 Whetstone, R. David
RDW-915
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_26036 Fayette 20 Apr 1965 Kral, Robert
23744
AUA
Asarum Canadense L.
BRIT73315 Tuscaloosa 22 Apr 1999 Bryson, Charles T.
17053
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
JSU120049 Jackson 24 Oct 1992 Ballard, J. Mark
777
JSU
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
UWAL0031315 Lauderdale 17 Apr 2011 England, J. Kevin
2795
UWAL
Asarum canadense Linnaeus
BRIT71079 Blount 13 Apr 1969 Kral, Robert
34288
BRIT
Asarum canadense L.
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