Gaillardia pulchella

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
Common Name:Firewheel; Common Blanket Flower
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Common Blanket Flower is a native annual in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). It can be found throughout the state, but is most common in the southern counties. Common Blanket Flower grows on dunes, on roadsides, in vacant lots, and along railroad tracks. It is usually found on dry, sandy or calcareous soils. Common Blanket Flower is an annual with a tap root. Plants are branched from about the middle and 2-2 1/2 feet in height. Leaves are alternate, petiolate (lower leaves) or sessile (upper leaves), lanceolate to spatulate in outline, and pubescent. The margins range from entire to toothed or lobed. Flowers are produced in heads. Ray flowers are 8-14, red at the base and yellow at the tip. Ray flowers are sometimes all red or yellow. Disc flowers are yellow, red, brown, or bicolored. The fruit is an awned achene. Common Blanket Flower is a popular ornamental plant. It thrives in poor soil and is drought tolerant once established. Many nurseries sell seedlings or seed. Common Blanket Flower is often included in packets of mixed wildflower seed, and it has been used in roadside plantings. Removing old flower heads will encourage more flowers to form. Plants readily reseed themselves.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Gaillardia
Species Gaillardia pulchella Foug. - Firewheel; Common Blanket Flower

Citation

Citation Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, Hist. Acad. Roy. Sci. Mém. Math. Phys. (Paris, 4) 1786: 5, f. 1. 1788.
Basionym: **
Type: LOUISIANA: Cult. in France, 1783, Herb. Jussieu 9464 (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by B. L. Turner & T. Watson, Phytologia Mem. 13: 27. 2007.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Gaillardia bicolor Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck, Encycl. 2: 590. 1788, nom. illegit.Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy 1788. 
Gaillardia bicolor var. drummondii Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck, var. drummondii Hooker, Bot. Mag. 61: t. 3368. 1834.  
Gaillardia bicolor var. vulgaris Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck, var. vulgaris Hooker, Bot. Mag. sub t. 3368. 1834, nom. inadmiss.Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck 1788, nom. illegit.; Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy 1788. 
Gaillardia drummondii Gaillardia drummondii (Hooker) de Candolle, Prodr. 5: 652. 1836.Gaillardia bicolor Lamarck, var. drummondii Hooker 1834. 
Gaillardia lobata Gaillardia lobata Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 459. 1862.  
Gaillardia neomexicana Gaillardia neomexicana A. Nelson, Univ. Wyoming Publ. Sci., Bot. 1: 135. 1926. NEW MEXICO: Sandoval Co.: Rito de los Frijoles, Aug 1910, Robbins 8103 (holotype: ?).
Gaillardia picta Gaillardia picta D. Don, in Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard., ser. 2. 3: t. 267. 1834.  
Gaillardia picta var. tricolor Gaillardia picta D. Don, var. tricolor Planchon, Fl. Serress 6: 337. 1851.  
Gaillardia pulchella var. albiflora Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. albiflora Cockerell, Gard. Chron., ser. 3. 55: 67. 1914.  
Gaillardia pulchella var. australis Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. australis B. L. Turner & M. Whalen, Wrightia 5: 192. 1975. TEXAS: Dimmitt Co.: Ca. 12 mi. NW of Carrizo Springs, 4 Apr 1959, Correll 20740 (holotype: TEX).
Gaillardia pulchella var. simplex Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. simplex Voss, Vilm. Blumengaertn., ed. 3. 1: 497. 1894.  
Gaillardia pulchella var. tubulosa Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. tubulosa Voss, Vilm. Blumengaertn., ed. 3. 1: 497. 1894.  
Gaillardia pulchella var. drummondii Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. drummondii (Hooker) B. L. Turner, in B. L. Turner et al., Sida, Bot. Misc. 24: 6. 2003.Gaillardia bicolora Lamarck, var. drummondii Hooker 1834. 
Gaillardia pulchella var. picta Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux de Bondaroy, var. picta (D. Don) A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 352. 1884.Gaillardia picta D. Don 1834. 
Gaillardia scabrosa Gaillardia scabrosa Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 13: 459. 1862. TEXAS
Gaillardia villosa Gaillardia villosa Rydberg, in Britton, N. Amer. Fl. 34: 135. 1915. TEXAS: Bexar Co.: Without locality, 1904, Jermy 40 (holotype: US).
Virgilia helioides Virgilia helioides L'Héritier de Brutelle, Virgilia 1788.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Bibb, Bullock, Choctaw, Cleburne, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Dale, Dallas, Etowah, Geneva, Houston, Jefferson, Lawrence, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Morgan, Perry, Pike, St. Clair, Sumter, Tallapoosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 2009 - 2009

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0013554 Pike 04 Dec 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23581
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
AMAL00008223 Bibb 22 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11912
AMAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. Var. pulchella
AUA000004134 Pike 24 JUN 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5078
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
UNA00055913 Houston 12 May 1991 John R. MacDonald
1817
UNA
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AUA000004123 Coffee 17 SEP 1988 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5528
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
JSU111665 Mobile 2 Jun 1972 R. Kral
47131
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
TROY000043425 Baldwin 29 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5384
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
TROY000002080 Dale 30 May 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
SAMF0005445 Bibb 10 May 1998 Crider, Tim
39
SAMF
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
UNA00046744 Mobile 26 Jun 1964 Rebecca Deramus
D139
UNA
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AUA000004128 Dale 27 JUL 1992 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
8361
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
TROY000037659 Conecuh 06 Jul 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24307
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
UNA00064912 Sumter 1 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2844
UNA
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
TROY000015677 Morgan 09 May 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12098
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. var. pulchella
UNA00062326 Bibb 22 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11912
UNA
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. var. pulchella
TROY000002075 Coffee 27 Sep 2003 Stephanie Thomas
3
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
JSU111669 Morgan 7 Aug 1975 G. A. Wayner
s.n.
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
TROY000002079 Coffee 07 May 1995 James Erich Ball
2
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AMAL00022144 Baldwin 29 May 2009 Brian R. Keener
5384
AMAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
UWAL0019223 St. Clair 27 Jun 1989 Kral, R.
76674
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Fuog.
AUA000004132 Perry 7 SEP 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
871
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
TROY000015260 Perry 29 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11963
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. var. pulchella
UNA00065080 Morgan 9 May 2004 D. D. Spaulding
12098
UNA
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
TROY000002077 Coffee 29 Oct 2000 Anthony Cole
12
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AUA000004135 Bibb 22 JUN 2003 SPAULDING, DANIEL D.
11912
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG. var. PULCHELLA
JSU111671 Perry 16 Aug 1993 J. M. Ballard
3169
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
UWAL0000668 Sumter 01 May 2006 Keener, Brian R.
2844
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AMAL00011830 Morgan 09 May 2004 Daniel D. Spaulding
12098
AMAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. Var. pulchella
AUA000004124 Coffee 23 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6063
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
AUA000004130 Houston 30 JUL 1970 MOORE, HAROLD D.
486
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
AUA000004125 Conecuh 12 JUL 1985 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
1160
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
JSU111670 Morgan 7 Aug 1975 R. D. Whetstone
5965
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
TROY000043716 Houston 24 Apr 2016 Alvin R. Diamond
27347
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
TROY000002082 Pike 09 May 1991 Brenda Dean
19
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AUA000004129 Geneva 25 JUL 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
412-69
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
TROY000036227 Pike 04 Dec 2012 Alvin R. Diamond
23581
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
UWAL0013252 Dallas 03 Jun 2013 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
AMAL00008303 Perry 29 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11963
AMAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. Var. pulchella
AUA000004127 Dale 19 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
5992
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
JSU111666 Mobile 26 Mar 1993 Russell House
6
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
UNA00046741 Dale 11 Jul 1978 L. J. Davenport
524
UNA
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AUA000004122 Bullock 23 JUL 1990 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
7046
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
TROY000037255 Dallas 03 Jun 2013 Wayne K. Webb
s.n.
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
UWAL0014879 Conecuh 06 Jul 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24307
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
TROY000002076 Coffee 08 Aug 2000 Brian H. Martin
839
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
UWAL0044652 Lawrence 08 Jun 2019 England, J. Kevin
10308
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux var. pulchella
UNA00046745 Mobile 30 May 1966 Rebecca Deramus
D934
UNA
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AUA000004131 Houston 25 MAY 1971 MOORE, HAROLD D.
1164
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
UWAL0008068 Covington 08 Sep 2011 Diamond, A.R.
22493
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
UWAL0044260 Baldwin 04 Nov 2009 Larsen, H.S.
1670
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
TROY000015676 Bibb 22 Jun 2003 Daniel D. Spaulding
11912
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. var. pulchella
UNA00062267 Perry 29 Jun 2003 D. D. Spaulding
11963
UNA
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. var. pulchella
JSU111660 Choctaw 13 Sep 1997 J. W. Higginbotham
330
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
TROY000002081 Dale 06 Aug 1999 Tiffany Pennington
35
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
JSU111668 Morgan 7 Aug 1975 G. A. Wayner
s.n.
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
UWAL0031764 Coffee 05 May 1987 Kral, R.
73954
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Fuog.
AMAL00013036 Madison 18 May 1989 Linda McElueen
AMAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. Var. pulchella
SAMF0005444 Jefferson 28 Sep 2012 Davenport, L. J.
5412
SAMF
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
JSU111667 Mobile 26 Mar 1993 Susan Hruska
7
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
UWAL0033195 Houston 24 Apr 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27347
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
UNA00046742 Dallas 28 May 1893 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
UWAL0043133 Baldwin 16 Aug 2001 Larsen, H.S.
895
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AUA000021834 Tallapoosa 31 MAY 2006 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
2242
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
JSU111662 Etowah 11 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1409
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
JSU111664 Marshall 4 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1882
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
UWAL0030111 Baldwin 29 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5384
UWAL
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AMAL00021052 Mobile 26 Apr 2013 Howard E. Horne
2110
AMAL
Gaillardia pulchella Fourgeroux var. pulchella
AUA000004126 Dale 23 JUL 1989 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
6079
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
JSU111661 Cleburne 25 May 1994 S. E. Hruska
224
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
TROY000032921 Covington 08 Sep 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
22493
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
AUA000004133 Pike 13 MAY 1973 KING, B. L.
113
AUA
GAILLARDIA PULCHELLA FOUG.
UNA00046743 Mobile 12 May 1879 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
TROY000015675 Sumter 01 May 2006 Brian R. Keener
2844
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
TROY000002078 Coffee 09 Jun 1999 Brian H. Martin
31
TROY
Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
JSU111663 Marshall 29 Jun 1992 D. D. Spaulding
2154
JSU
Gaillardia pulchella Fougeroux
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