Arnoglossum plantagineum

Family:ASTERACEAE
Species:Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
Common Name:Prairie Indian Plantain; Tuberous Indian Plantain; Prairie Plantain
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:**
Duration:**
Category:**
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Prairie Indian Plantain is a native herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family. It is native to the Black Belt region of central Alabama and to the Tennessee Valley region of north Alabama. Prairie Indian Plantain occurs in prairies, in pastures, in cedar glades, and on roadsides. It is a perennial with an enlarged tuberous taproot. Leaves are basal and cauline. The basal leaves are petiolate, elliptic in outline, with entire or wavy margins. The stem leaves are petiolate toward the base and sessile near the top, alternate, elliptic in outline, with entire or wavy margins. Flowers are in heads. The heads are in terminal corymbs. The midvein of the phyllaries is winged. Each head contains 5 disc flowers and no ray flowers. The disc flowers are greenish-white in color. The fruit is an achene. Prairie Indian Plantain is listed as a S1 species in Alabama (typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable in the state), and globally as a G4G5 species (G4 - Imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors. G5 - Demonstrably secure globally, though it may be quite rare in parts of its range, especially at the periphery).--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S1 (State Rank), G4G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyASTERACEAE - Aster family
Genus Arnoglossum
Species Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque - Prairie Indian Plantain; Tuberous Indian Plantain; Prairie Plantain

Citation

Citation **
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cacalia plantaginea    
Mesadenia tuberosa    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bullock, Choctaw, Clarke, Crenshaw, Dallas, Greene, Hale, Lawrence, Lowndes, Marengo, Montgomery, Sumter, Washington, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, BRIT, JSU, NY, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1868 - 1982

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000050684 Greene 01 May 2012 England, J. Kevin
3420
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00045459 Montgomery 28 Apr 1868 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
TROY000014927 Choctaw 19 May 2004 Kral, Robert
95218
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000001589 Dallas 3 Jun 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1503
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
AUA000001596 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
659
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
AUA000001588 Crenshaw 27 May 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9192
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
AUA000001592 Lowndes 21 May 1953 Bennett, Orus L.
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
UNA00045466 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
659
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UWAL0010651 Choctaw 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7224
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
BRIT90414 Washington 09 May 1966 Kral, Robert
26589
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90419 Sumter 20 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82346
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90374 Washington 03 May 1968 McDaniel, Sidney
10609
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
UWAL0010904 Montgomery 16 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23036
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
JSU103766 Greene 18 May 1967 Naugle, Helen E.
324
JSU
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0047042 Lawrence 29 Apr 2004 Webb, David H.
6399
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
TROY000014568 Crenshaw 26 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19351
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00027485 Hale 25 May 1893 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
TROY000037498 Lawrence 09 May 2012 England, J. Kevin
3457
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AMAL00009209 Marengo 31 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2449
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0001637 Marengo 06 May 2009 England, J. Kevin
2077
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AMAL00017963 Choctaw 19 May 2004 Kral, Robert
95218
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
BRIT90535 Greene 05 Jun 1968 Kral, Robert
31079
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90410 Wilcox 19 May 1973 Kral, Robert
50200
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90416 Sumter 26 May 1970 Rogers, Ken E.
3123A
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
AMAL00021282 Dallas 15 Apr 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-83
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0000450 Hale 23 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4468
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
SAMF0005269 Greene 08 May 1954 McCullough, Herbert A.
s.n.
SAMF
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0035345 Greene 08 May 1954 McCullough, Herbert A.
1475.119
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0050089 Lowndes 30 Apr 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28888
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000034831 Montgomery 15 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22930
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
BRIT90413 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
659
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
TROY000048453 Lowndes 30 Apr 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28888
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000033942 Marengo 31 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2449
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
BRIT90420 Sumter 09 Jun 1968 Jones, Samuel B.
15591
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90411 Wilcox 15 Apr 1970 Kral, Robert
38539
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90537 Dallas 21 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82420
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
AUA000001594 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2553
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
SAMF0006677 Hale 17 Jun 2016 Davenport, Lawrence J.
6368
SAMF
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0030911 Sumter 20 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82346
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
TROY000014700 Hale 23 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4468
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00058732 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2553
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UNA00045462 Greene 18 May 1967 Naugle, Helen E.
G 324
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
TROY000036658 Choctaw 04 May 2012 Keener, Brian R.
7224
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
BRIT90412 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
659
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
AMAL00020242 Lowndes 22 May 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#980
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AMAL00017962 Choctaw 19 May 2004 Kral, Robert
95218
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
BRIT90421 Sumter 09 Jun 1968 Jones, Samuel B.
15591
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90417 Sumter 18 May 1973 Kral, Robert
50119
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90533 Hale 29 May 1972 Kral, Robert
46832
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
AMAL00016514 Lawrence 12 May 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#105
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0011254 Lawrence 09 May 2012 England, J. Kevin
3457
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0019473 Wilcox 21 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82402
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UWAL0014305 Greene 01 May 2012 England, J. Kevin
3420
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
ALNHS00000539 Dallas 24 May 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
OC-220
ALNHS
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
TROY000042931 Dallas 14 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26353
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
BRIT90424 Montgomery 15 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22930
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
TROY000034729 Montgomery 16 May 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
23036
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000037934 Montgomery 08 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24008
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00045464 Hale 16 May 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
251
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
BRIT90532 Lowndes 13 Apr 1975 Kral, Robert
55035
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90409 Wilcox 21 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82402
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
TROY000030744 Lowndes 21 May 1953 Bennett, Orus L.
s.n.
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
BRIT73828 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2553
BRIT
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00045460 Wilcox 09 May 1949 Harvill, Jr., A.M.
5005 d
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
AUA000001591 Dallas 9 May 1966 Burns, Earl R.
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
BRIT90373 Clarke 11 Apr 1964 Kral, Robert
19723
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
AUA000001595 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
659
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
AMAL00007554 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2553
AMAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000028200 Lowndes 22 May 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP980
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
UWAL0030326 Dallas 14 May 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26353
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000001593 Montgomery 28 Apr 1907 Andrews, Elizabeth F.
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
BRIT90536 Greene 05 Jun 1968 Kral, Robert
31079
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90418 Sumter 20 Apr 1965 Kral, Robert
23792
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90534 Greene 10 May 1963 Thomas, Joab L.
724
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
TROY000014928 Choctaw 19 May 2004 Kral, Robert
95218
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000038661 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
614
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
NY02030075 Wilcox May 1841 Samuel B. Buckley
s.n.
NY
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
UWAL0002732 Marengo 31 May 2010 England, J. Kevin
2449
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
AUA000001590 Dallas 18 May 1984 Whetstone, R.David
13970
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
UWAL0000451 Sumter 13 May 1998 White, James E.
B-127
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
AUA000030718 Lowndes 16 Apr 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4597
AUA
Arnoglossum Plantagineum Raf.
JSU139909 Dallas 18 May 1984 Whetstone, R. David
13970
JSU
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00045465 Wilcox 20 May 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
659
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UWAL0047411 Choctaw 20 May 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10665
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
BRIT90415 Washington 09 May 1966 Kral, Robert
26589
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90423 Montgomery 21 May 1968 Kral, Robert
30945
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
UWAL0014660 Montgomery 08 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24008
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
TROY000014929 Sumter 30 Apr 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2554
TROY
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0019389 Dallas 21 May 1993 Kral, Robert
82420
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UWAL0014169 Bullock 26 Apr 2012 Dykes, Bailee
614
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UWAL0050290 Lawrence 08 May 2004 Webb, David H.
6411
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
UWAL0001005 Dallas 01 May 2010 Keener, Brian R.
5921
UWAL
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
JSU103765 Dallas 18 May 1984 Whetstone, R. David
13970
JSU
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00045461 Greene 10 May 1963 Thomas, Joab L.
724
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
SAMF0005268 Greene 10 May 1963 Thomas, Joab L.
724
SAMF
Arnoglossum plantagineum Rafinesque
UNA00045463 Hale 16 May 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
251
UNA
Arnoglossum plantagineum Raf.
BRIT90538 Clarke 11 Apr 1964 Kral, Robert
19723
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
BRIT90422 Montgomery 21 May 1968 Kral, Robert
30945
BRIT
Cacalia plantaginea (Raf.) Shinners
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