Echinochloa crusgalli

Family:POACEAE
Species:Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) P. Beauv.
Common Name:Barnyard Grass
Habitat:Various disturbed sites.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:**
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native, FACW- (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Echinochloa
Species Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) P. Beauv. - Barnyard Grass

Citation

Citation Echinochloa crusgalli (Linnaeus) P. Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 53. 1812.
Basionym: Panicum crus-galli L. 1753.
Type: Without data, Herb. Burser 1: 303 (lectotype: UPS). Lectotypified by P. W. Michael, Proc. Conf. Weed Control Rice 291-306. 1983.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Echinochloa crus-galli var. aristata Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. aristata Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 158. 1821. GREAT BRITAIN
Echinochloa crus-galli var. crus-corvi Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. crus-corvi (Linnaeus) Mathieu, Fl. Gen. Belgique, Spermatoph. 1: 585. 1855.Panicum crus-corvi Linnaeus 1759. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. breviseta Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. breviseta (Döll) Neilreich, Fl. Nied.-Oesterr. 31. 1859.Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. brevisetum Döll 1855. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. echinata Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. echinata (Willdenow) Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 37: 120. 1923; (Willdenow) A. Chevalier, Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 13: 902. 1923.Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. longiseta Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. longiseta Podpera, Kvetena Moravy (Prace Marav. Prir. Spolc.) 6: 475. 1926.Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. longisetum Döll 1855, non Trinius 1829. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. mitis Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. mitis (Pursh) Petermann, Fl. Lips. Excurs. 82. 1838.Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. mite Pursh 1814. 
Echinochloa crus-galli subsp. hispidula Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, subsp. hispidula (Retzius) Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Tokyo Bot. 3: 267. 1930.Panicum hispidulum Retzius 1789. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. hispidula Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. hispidula (Retzius) Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 37: 122. 1923.Panicum hispidulum Retzius 1789. 
Echinochloa echinata Echinochloa echinata (Willdenow) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 53, 161. 169. 1812.Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Echinochloa hispidula Echinochloa hispidula (Retzius) Nees von Esenbeck ex Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 416, 420. 1840.Panicum hispidulum Retzius 1788. 
Echinochloa muricata var. occidentalis Echinochloa muricata (Palisot de Beauvois) Fernald, var. occidentalis Wiegand, Rhodora 23: 58. 1921. ILLINOIS: Jackson Co.: Grand Tower, s.d., Gleason 1720 (holotype: GH).
Echinochloa pungens var. occidentalis Echinochloa pungens (Poiret) Rydberg, var. occidentalis (Wiegand) Fernald & Griscom, Rhodora 37: 137. 1935.Echinochloa muricata (Palisot de Beauvois) Fernald, var. occidentalis Wiegand 1921. 
Echinochloa crus-corvi Echinochloa crus-corvi (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 53, 161, 163. 1812.Panicum crus-corvi Linnaeus 1759. 
Echinochloa crus-galli var. mutica Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois, var. mutica (Elliott) Rydberg, Agric. Exp. Sta. Agric. Coll. Colorado Bull. 100: 21. 1906.Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. muticum Elliott 1816. 
Echinochloa glabrescens Echinochloa glabrescens Kossenko, Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk SSSR 11: 40. 1949. INDIA: Without data, Rottler in Wallich 8687B (holotype: K).
Echinochloa occidentalis Echinochloa occidentalis (Wiegand) Rydberg, Brittonia 1: 82. 1931.Echinochloa muricata (Palisot de Beauvois) Fernald, var. occidentalis Wiegand 1921. 
Echinochloa subverticillata Echinochloa subverticillata Pilger, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 451. 1941. SOUTH-WEST AFRICA: Namibia: Tsumeb, s.d., Dinter 2490 (holotype: B).
Milium crus-galli Milium crus-galli (Linnaeus) Moench, Methodus 202. 1794.Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Oplismenus crus-galli var. muticus Oplismenus crus-galli (Linnaeus) Dumortier, var. muticus A. W. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl., ed. 2. 393. 1871.  
Oplismenus echinatus Oplismenus echinatus (Willdenow) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 45. 1829.Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Oplismenus crus-corv Oplismenus crus-corvi (Linnaeus) Dumortier, Observ. Gramin. Belg. 138, 151. 1824.Panicum crus-corvi Linnaeus 1759. 
Oplismenus crus-galli Oplismenus crus-galli (Linnaeus) Dumortier, Obs. Gramin. Belg. 138. 1824 ("1823").Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Orthopogon echinatus Orthopogon echinatus (Willdenow) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 307. 1825.Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Orthopogon crus-galli Orthopogon crus-galli (Linnaeus) Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 307. 1824 ("1825").Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum crus-corvi Panicum crus-corvi Linnaeus, Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 870. 1759.  
Panicum crus-galli var. aristatum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. aristatum Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 114. 1816, nom. inadmiss. et non Pursh 1814.Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum crus-galli var. purpureum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. purpureum Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 66. 1814.  
Panicum crus-galli Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 56. 1753. Without data, Herb. Burser 1: 303 (lectotype: UPS). Lectotypified by P. W. Michael, Proc. Conf. Weed Control Rice 291-306. 1983.
Panicum crus-galli var. aristatum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. aristatum Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 66. 1814.  
Panicum crus-galli var. breviseta Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. breviseta Döll, Fl. Baden 1: 232. 1855 ("1857").  
Panicum crus-galli var. echinatum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. echinatum (Willdenow) Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 143. 1877.Panicum echinatum Willdenow 1809. 
Panicum crus-galli var. mite Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. mite Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 66. 1814.  
Panicum crus-galli var. muticum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. muticum Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 114. 1816.  
Panicum crus-galli var. vulgare Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. vulgare Döll, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 2(2): 141. 1877, nom. inadmiss.Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum crus-galli var. longisetum Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, var. longisetum Döll, Fl. Baden 1: 232. 1855 ("1857"), non Trinius 1829. GERMANY
Panicum echinatum Panicum echinatum Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 1032. 1809. COLOMBIA: Magdalena: Without data, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. (holotype: B-W; isotype: US(fragm)).
Panicum grossum Panicum grossum Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 18. 1796, nom. illegit.Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum hispidulum Panicum hispidulum Retzius, Obs. Bot. 5: 18. 1788 ("1789"). INDIA: "India orientali", without data, König s.n. (holotype: LD).
Pennisetum crus-galli Pennisetum crus-galli (Linnaeus) Baumgarten, Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 277. 1817.Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus 1753. 
Panicum crus-galli Panicum crus-galli Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 56. 1753. Without data, Herb. Burser 1: 303 (lectotype: UPS). Lectotypified by P. W. Michael, Proc. Conf. Weed Control Rice 291-306. 1983.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Blount, Bullock, Calhoun, Cleburne, Cullman, Etowah, Franklin, Hale, Jackson, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Pike, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1966 - 1980

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UWAL0044112 Baldwin 06 Sep 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
826
UWAL
Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) P. Beauv.
AUA000016957 Lee 29 Jun 1966 Bozarth, Gene A.
AUA
Echinochloa Crus-Galli (L.) P. Beauv.
UNA00003707 Hale 05 Aug 1966 Maginness, Sherrie E.
354
UNA
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
AUA000038407 Limestone 2 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7869
AUA
Echinochloa Crus-Galli (L.) P. Beauv. Var. Crus-Galli
UWAL0036030 Blount 25 Aug 2013 Anderson, Kelly
445
UWAL
Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) P.Beauv. var. crusgalli
JSU101135 Lawrence 18 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3888
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UNA00060639 Tuscaloosa 07 Aug 1957 Hancock, Kenneth F.
s.n.
UNA
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
JSU101131 Jackson 28 Jul 1975 Whetstone, R. David
5309
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UWFP000006751acc Mobile 28 Sep 1982 James R. Burkhalter
8513
UWFP
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
UWAL0012567 Montgomery 17 Sep 2012 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13580
UWAL
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU156343 Calhoun 03 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11,796
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000038002 Bullock 23 Oct 2011 Dykes, Bailee
262
TROY
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101129 Etowah 18 Oct 1975 Whetstone, R. David
6864
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016953 Blount 13 Oct 1984 Nixon, C.F.
936
AUA
Echinochloa Crus-Galli (L.) P. Beauv.
UNA00003778 Calhoun 21 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
859
UNA
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
JSU101139 Limestone 29 Jun 1996 Ballard, J. Mark
5982
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UWFP000013646acc Baldwin 17 Sep 1994 James R. Burkhalter
14367
UWFP
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv.
JSU101123 Calhoun 22 Jun 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11377
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016958 Lee 9 Aug 1960 Jones, Jr., Samuel B.
231
AUA
Echinochloa Crus-Galli (L.) P. Beauv.
JSU101120 Calhoun 21 Sep 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
1241
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101128 Etowah 18 Oct 1975 Whetstone, R. David
6864
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016962 Lee 8 Sep 1950 Cunningham, Hugh B.
AUA
Echinochloa Crus-Galli (L.) P. Beauv.
UNA00004157 Morgan 22 Jul 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
1052
UNA
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
UNA00054322 Blount 04 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1168
UNA
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
AUA000016955 Cleburne 26 Jul 1970 Cox, W.A.
086
AUA
Echinochloa Crus-Galli (L.) P. Beauv.
JSU101118 Blount 04 Jul 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1168
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016956 Lee 24 Oct 1971 Hudson, Mary
158
AUA
Echinochloa Crus-Galli (L.) P. Beauv.
UNA00003773 Jackson 05 Jul 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7987
UNA
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
JSU101127 Etowah 18 Oct 1975 Whetstone, R. David
6864
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000031940 Jackson 10 Jun 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
275
TROY
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UNA00003797 Limestone 18 Jul 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
1033
UNA
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
UWAL0033448 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6744
UWAL
Echinochloa crusgalli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois var. crusgalli
UNA00054664 Blount 16 Jun 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1034
UNA
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
TROY000012134 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18117
TROY
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101130 Franklin 17 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3796
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000027131 Sumter 06 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3273
TROY
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101133 Jackson 27 Jun 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
881
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101137 Lawrence 14 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3705
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UWAL0044111 Baldwin 17 Jul 2006 Larsen, Harry S.
1492
UWAL
Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv.
JSU101132 Limestone 27 Jun 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17897
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UWAL0008964 Sumter 06 Nov 2006 Keener, Brian R.
3273
UWAL
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
UWAL0035139 Limestone 02 Jun 2017 England, J. Kevin
7869
UWAL
Echinochloa crusgalli (Linnaeus) Palisot de Beauvois var. crusgalli
JSU101138 Lawrence 03 Aug 1996 Whetstone, R. David
18300
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016961 Lee 12 Jul 1959 Pongsuwana, Umpol
AUA
Echinochloa Crus-Galli (L.) P. Beauv.
JSU101125 Cullman 20 Jun 1965 Whetstone, R. David
4880
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UNA00004132 Tuscaloosa 25 Jan 1975 Hoener, Fred K.
1244
UNA
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
TROY000012135 Pike 30 Jun 1996 Diamond, Alvin R.
13067
TROY
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101122 Calhoun 10 Sep 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
871
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UNA00003753 Talladega 30 Jun 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1213
UNA
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
UWAL0014007 Bullock 23 Oct 2011 Dykes, Bailee
262
UWAL
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101124 Calhoun 15 Jul 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11439
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000028826 Tallapoosa 18 Oct 2006 Barger, T. Wayne
466
TROY
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101134 Jackson 20 Aug 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1337
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101136 Lawrence 14 Aug 1974 Whetstone, R. David
3705
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
AUA000016960 Lee 19 Jul 1959 Akedin, Zaynul
AUA
Echinochloa Crus-Galli (L.) P. Beauv.
JSU145994 Cleburne 24 Aug 1997 Hutchinson, Francine
2497
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101140 Marshall 13 Jul 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9038
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
UWAL0039113 Bullock 18 Jul 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4051
UWAL
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000012133 Lee 25 Jul 1954 Davis, James R.
s.n.
TROY
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
ALNHS00000333 Jackson 10 Jun 2009 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-275
ALNHS
Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.
AUA000016959 Lee 30 Sep 1962 Rogers, Ken E.
AUA
Echinochloa Crus-Galli (L.) P. Beauv.
JSU101126 Cullman 20 Jun 1975 Whetstone, R. David
4880
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101119 Blount 13 Oct 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
936
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
TROY000027130 Blount 13 Oct 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
936
TROY
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
JSU101121 Calhoun 26 Jun 1996 Hruska, Susan E.
1331
JSU
Echinochloa crus-galli (Linnaeus) Beauvois
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