Aira elegans

Family:POACEAE
Species:Aira elegans Roem. & Schult.
Common Name:Elegant Hairgrass; Annual Silver Hairgrass
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Elegant Hairgrass is an introduced winter annual in the Grass family (Poaceae). It is native to Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia. In Alabama it is found throughout the state. Elegant Hairgrass grows in dry to moist, usually sandy disturbed sites such as on roadsides, in lawns, on playgrounds, in cemeteries, and along trails. It is a tufted annual with a fibrous root system. Culms (stems) are erect and 5-10 inches in height. The leaves are filiform to linear, glabrous, and entire. The leaf sheath is slightly scabrous. Flowers are produced in spiklets that are arranged in open, airy panicles. The inflorescence branches are unequal and the spikelet stalk is 2–8 times the length of the spikelet. The branches of the inflorescence are antrorsely scabridulous. Spiklets are silver-green or purplish in color. The glumes are subequal and are scabridulous on the upper half. The upper lemma is awned and the lower lemma is awnless or with a minute awn. The fruit is a grooved grain. Elegant Hairgrass is sometimes treated as a variety of Common Silver Hairgrass (Aira caryophyllea L.).—A. Diamond.
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Not Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPOACEAE - Grass family
Genus Aira
Species Aira elegans Roem. & Schult. - Elegant Hairgrass; Annual Silver Hairgrass

Citation

Citation Aira elegans Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis. 2: 682. 1817.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Aira caryophyllea var. capillaris    
Aira elegantissima    
Aspris capillaris    

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Barbour, Bibb, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Choctaw, Cleburne, Coffee, Colbert, Dallas, Elmore, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Henry, Jackson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Macon, Marengo, Marion, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Randolph, Russell, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tuscaloosa, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1972 - 2023

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA000014816 Chambers 27 Apr 1965 Koelling, Alfred C.
2311
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
UWAL0008680 Barbour 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3575
UWAL
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth
JSU102699 Cleburne 27 May 1995 Hruska, Susan E.
1309
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
AUA000014818 Coffee 3 May 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8215
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
TROY000030856 Lee 18 May 1952 Cunningham, Hugh B.
s.n.
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UNA00050388 Bibb 12 May 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13437
UNA
Aira elegans |Roem. & Schult.
JSU102697 Calhoun 17 Jun 1985 Robertson, Norma
2
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0050438 Mobile 04 Jul 1973 Lelong, Michel G.
7135
UWAL
Aira elegans Willd. ex. Gaudin
UNA00058664 St. Clair 09 May 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2562
UNA
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth.
UWAL0056768 Lamar 26 May 2023 England, Kevin J.
13664
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes
JSU102698 Cherokee 06 May 1980 Whetstone, R. David
9998
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0014822 Bullock 18 Apr 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1561
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000026219 Hale 19 Apr 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13880
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0046127 Autauga 02 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
696
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000011439 Russell 27 Apr 2006 Diamond, Alvin R.
16310
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000026166 Barbour 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3575
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0002257 Fayette 11 May 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12881
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000011434 Barbour 29 Apr 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15239
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102694 Bibb 13 May 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13220
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102709 Marshall 16 May 1993 Spaulding, Daniel D.
3774
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
AUA000014820 Lee 13 May 1958 Davis, Donald E.
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
TROY000045268 Autauga 18 Apr 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
655
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU156393 Cleburne 25 May 1994 Hruska, Susan E.
219
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
AUA000014815 Barbour 29 Apr 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
15239
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
JSU102706 Greene 20 May 1981 Whetstone, R. David
10719
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UNA00050389 Randolph Spring 1985 Nixon, C.F.
1232
UNA
Aira elegans |Roem. & Schult.
JSU102695 Calhoun 17 Jun 1985 Robertson, Norma
2
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
ALNHS00003461 Lee 17 Mar 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
CSP-135
ALNHS
Aira elegans Willd.
UWAL0008681 Butler 13 Mar 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18763
UWAL
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth
TROY000048778 Autauga 02 May 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
696
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0057037 Limestone 20 May 2023 England, Kevin J.
13629
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
AUA000014821 Lee 18 May 1952 Cunningham, Hugh B.
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
TROY000011438 Montgomery 08 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17309
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102704 Etowah 14 Jun 1976 Atkinson, Tim A.
1677
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
ALNHS00003910 Colbert 13 Jul 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
FH-719
ALNHS
Aira elegans Willd.
JSU102708 Lawrence 19 May 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17633
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UNA00073716 Marion 01 May 2009 England, J. Kevin
2026
UNA
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth.
UWAL0014476 Marion 01 May 2009 England, J. Kevin
2026
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102703 Etowah 11 May 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
1432
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0054002 Lauderdale 23 May 2021 England, J. Kevin
12075
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes
AUA000014822 Macon 23 May 1978 Hight, M.Connie
324
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
TROY000038069 Bullock 18 Apr 2013 Dykes, Bailee
1561
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000044488 Fayette 11 May 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12881
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102701 Elmore 10 May 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10059
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0032198 Etowah 08 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4405
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000026220 Tuscaloosa 06 May 2001 Spaulding, Daniel D.
11039
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102711 St. Clair 10 May 1984 Beavers, Donna D.
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000046107 Wilcox 27 Feb 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28073
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
AUA000014817 Hale 19 Apr 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13880
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
UNA00017698 Elmore 30 Apr 1972 Kral, Robert
45985
UNA
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth.
UWAL0035353 Sumter 11 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8837
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes
TROY000011437 Coffee 10 Apr 2000 Martin, Brian H.
542
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102693 Bibb 13 May 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13437
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000048939 Marion 01 May 2009 England, J. Kevin
2026
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0039730 Dallas 22 Mar 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28116
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102712 Talladega 29 Apr 1980 Whetstone, R. David
9913
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0008682 Chilton 28 Apr 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3557
UWAL
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth
TROY000011436 Butler 13 Mar 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18763
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000045355 Marengo 18 May 2013 England, J. Kevin
4268
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer and Schultes
AUA000027129 Marion 1 May 2009 England, J. Kevin
2026
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
TROY000026168 Barbour 04 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19142
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102707 Jackson 10 May 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1778
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0057326 Choctaw 18 Mar 2020 Keener, Brian R.
11694
UWAL
Aira elegans Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
AUA000041356 Macon 19 Apr 2019 Schotz, Alfred
2214
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
JSU102702 Elmore 10 May 1980 Whetstone, R. David
10077
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000051531 Sumter 11 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8837
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UNA00064054 Bibb 13 May 1983 Whetstone, R.D.
13437
UNA
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth.
JSU102710 Randolph 31 May 1984 Nixon, Christopher F.
751
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000011435 Butler 27 Mar 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
18807
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0008684 St. Clair 09 May 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2562
UWAL
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth
UNA00073901 Sumter 11 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8837
UNA
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth.
UNA00066642 Montgomery 08 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17309
UNA
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth.
AUA000014819 Lee 12 Jun 1959 Banks, Donald J.
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
JSU102705 Franklin 14 May 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16157
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000047934 Mobile 07 Jul 1973 Lelong, Michel G.
7135
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0017438 Marengo 18 May 2013 England, J. Kevin
4268
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102696 Calhoun 15 May 1974 Whetstone, R. David
2597
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU105931 Etowah 21 May 1995 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8180
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0008683 Montgomery 08 Mar 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
17309
UWAL
Aira elegans Willd. ex Kunth
TROY000026167 Henry 01 May 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19078
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
TROY000046227 Dallas 22 Mar 2018 Diamond, Alvin R.
28116
TROY
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
JSU102700 Elmore 27 Apr 1979 Whetstone, R. David
9574
JSU
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0046597 Autauga 18 Apr 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
655
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
UWAL0056917 Bibb 05 Jun 2019 Keener, Brian R.
11306
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Romer & Scultes
AUA000014823 Russell 2 May 2002 Gil, Glenda
(2001-350)
AUA
Aira Elegans Willd. Ex Kunth
UWAL0056632 Winston 30 Apr 2019 England, Kevin J.
10179
UWAL
Aira elegans Willdenow ex Roemer & Schultes
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