Stewartia malacodendron

Family:THEACEAE
Species:Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
Common Name:Silky Camellia
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Tree
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:STMA
Plant Notes:Silky Camellia is a native deciduous shrub in the Tea family (Theaceae). It occurs throughout Alabama, but is most common in the southeastern portion of the state. Silky Camellia occurs in rich hardwood forests along streams and rivers, and in ravines. It is a deciduous shrub reaching 15 feet in height. The bark is smooth and reddish brown in color. It flakes in strips from older stems. Leaves are alternate, pubescent, oblong to elliptic in outline, with finely serrate margins. Flowers are produced singly from the axils of the leaves. Flowers are subtended by 2 large green bracts. Flowers have five white petals. In some populations, the petals are often marked with streaks of purple-red. There are 50-100 purple stamens in the center of the flower. Silky Camellia has one style. The fruit is a capsule containing 1-4 angular brown seed. Silky Camellia is listed as an S2S3 species in Alabama (S2 - Typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state. S3 - Typically 21 to 100 occurrences, limited acreage, or miles of stream in the state) and globally as a G4 species (imperiled globally because of rarity (6 - 20 occurrences, or few remaining acres, or miles of stream) or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). Silky Camellia is difficult to transplant and should not be dug from the wild. Plants can be purchased from nurseries that specialize in native species. Ideal sites for these plants are sheltered woody areas with rich loamy soils. It prefers moist but well drained soils. Silky Camellia is slow growing and does not respond to pruning well. A second species, Mountain Camellia (Stewartia ovata (Cavanilles) Weatherby), occurs in north Alabama. It has yellow anthers and five styles.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S2S3 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyTHEACEAE - Tea/Camellia family
Genus Stewartia
Species Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus - Silky Camellia

Citation

Citation STEWARTIA MALACODENDRON Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 698. 1753.
Basionym: **
Type: VIRGINIA: Without data, Clayton 734 (lectotype: LINN 876.1). Lectotypified by Spongberg, J. Arnold Arbor. 55: 194. 1974.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Cavanilla florida Cavanilla florida Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 385. 1796, nom. illegit.  
Malachodendron monogynum Malachodendron monogynum Dumont de Courset, Bot. Cult., ed. 2. 5: 106. 1811.  
Stewartia virginica Stewartia virginica Cavanilles, Diss. 5: 303, t. 159(2). 1787.  
Stewartia nobilis Stewartia nobilis Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 386. 1796, nom. illegit.  

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Cullman, Dale, Elmore, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Mobile, Monroe, Pike, Shelby, Tuscaloosa

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1868 - 2015

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000014734 Blount 26 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4483
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
TROY000042264 Houston 16 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26169
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
UNA00045756 Dale 09 Jun 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11453
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
UWAL0003017 Coosa 16 Sep 2010 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron L.
AUA_ACC_71658 Hale 13 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13908
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
UWAL0036038 Blount 24 Aug 2015 Anderson, Kelly
895
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron L.
UNA00058332 Crenshaw 05 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13150
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
UWAL0004855 Pike 26 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22000
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
UNA00058408 Blount 15 May 1998 Keener, Brian R.
792
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
ALNHS00003130 Blount 05 May 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1675
ALNHS
Stewartia malacodendron L.
AUA_ACC_56729 Dale 19 May 1996 Schotz, Alfred
1380
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
TROY000009394 Crenshaw 05 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13150
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
AUA000042566 Covington 23 Sep 1997 Pancake, Jr., Dale C.
S.N.
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
UNA00010298 Cullman 10 Jun 1883 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
AUA_ACC_63092 Hale 9 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13886
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
TROY000050724 Hale 31 May 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10685
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron L.
JSU135635 Blount 22 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
UNA00057985 Butler 11 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13157
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
UWAL0004276 Blount 26 May 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4483
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron L.
TROY000033538 Barbour 01 Oct 2011 Dykes, Bailee
189
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
TROY000032542 Pike 26 Apr 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22000
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
TROY000024164 Hale 13 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13908
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
TROY000024162 Blount 15 May 1998 Keener, Brian R.
792
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
ALNHS00006445 Blount 30 Apr 2019 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4512
ALNHS
Stewartia malacodendron L.
UNA00045740 Geneva 04 Apr 1998 MacDonald, John R.
10985
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
AUA_ACC_60916 Shelby 16 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1339
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
TROY000024163 Hale 09 May 2003 Diamond, Alvin R.
13886
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
UWAL0008587 Barbour 01 Oct 2011 Dykes, Bailee
189
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron L.
UNA00010278 Mobile 20 May 1868 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
SAMF0003981 Shelby 26 Nov 2011 Pynne, J.T.
61
SAMF
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
UWAL0017689 Houston 16 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26169
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
UWAL0008497 Conecuh 10 Jul 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22335
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
JSU135637 Blount 22 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
TROY000035168 Butler 22 Aug 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Stewartia malacondendron Linnaeus
ALNHS00000599 Bibb 10 May 2011 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#292
ALNHS
Stewartia malacodendron L.
UNA00010273 Elmore 06 May 1938 Thompson, J.H.
s.n.
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
AUA000037718 Covington 17 May 2010 Hansen, Curtis J.
4670
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
UWAL0004277 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4335
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron L.
UNA00055682 Blount 07 Aug 1999 Keener, Brian R.
1900
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
TROY000009393 Covington 10 May 1999 MacDonald, John R.
12812
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
TROY000043790 Geneva 16 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27412
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
UNA00010293 Tuscaloosa 22 May 1888 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
UWAL0011118 Butler 22 Aug 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_53857 Dale 16 May 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8633
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
UNA00010268 Crenshaw _ May 1937 Farmer, C.M.
s.n.
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
TROY000032394 Conecuh 10 Jul 2011 Diamond, Alvin R.
22335
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_57537 Houston 12 Jun 1992 Macdonald, John R.
4802
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
AUA_ACC_70816 Coosa 16 Sep 2010 Webb, Wayne K.
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
JSU135636 Blount 22 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
TROY000009392 Coffee 04 Sep 2000 Martin, Brian H.
945
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
UNA00057826 Dale 16 May 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8633
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
UWAL0033048 Geneva 16 May 2016 Diamond, Alvin R.
27412
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_51446 Dale 23 Jun 1991 Diamond, Alvin R.
7502
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
AUA_ACC_41335 Butler May 1986 Roger, Kenneth M.
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
TROY000034202 Coosa 16 Sep 2010 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
AUA_ACC_45609 Butler 10 May 1987 Diamond, Alvin R.
3230
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
TROY000028924 Coosa 28 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4335
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
JSU135634 Blount 22 May 1972 Landers, Kenneth E.
s.n.
JSU
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
UWAL0047449 Hale 31 May 2018 Keener, Brian R.
10685
UWAL
Stewartia malacodendron L.
AUA_ACC_536 Monroe 8 May 1956 Funderburk, Jr., H.H.
AUA
Stewartia Malacodendron L.
UNA00010283 Cullman _ Jun 1891 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Stewartia malacodendron L.
TROY000009391 Butler 11 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13157
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
TROY000009395 Dale 12 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13175
TROY
Stewartia malacodendron Linnaeus
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