Rubus flagellaris

Family:ROSACEAE
Species:Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
Common Name:Whiplash Dewberry; Northern Dewberry
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:RUFL
Plant Notes:Northern Dewberry is a native woody perennial vine-like shrub in the Rose family (Rosaceae). It occurs in most of Alabama. Northern Dewberry occurs in pine woodlands, on roadside banks, in forest clearings, and in old fields. It is a perennial with a taproot. The stems are erect or more often trailing and rooting at the nodes. The stems are green or reddish in color, glabrous or stipitate glandular, and armed with a few scattered recurved prickles. Bristles are lacking. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, and 3-5 foliate. The leaves on floricanes (second year stems that produce flowers) are usually 3-foliate while those of the primocanes (first year stems that are sterile) are 5-foliate. The petioles are often armed with recurved prickles. The leaflets are ovate to lance-elliptic in outline, serrate, and pubescent to glabrous beneath. The main veins on the underside of the leaflet are often armed with recurved prickles. The two lateral leaflets are often lobed or incised on one side. The leaves of northern plants are deciduous while those of southern plants are semi-evergreen. Flowers are solitary or in 1-3 flowered cymes. The peduncles of the flowers are often armed with recurved prickles. Each flower has 5 pubescent sepals and 5 white petals. The fruit is an aggregate of drupelets. Plants in south Alabama have deformed looking fruit where the drupelets are dry and shriveled. Those in northern Alabama produce small but edible fruit.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyROSACEAE - Rose family
Genus Rubus
Species Rubus flagellaris Willdenow - Whiplash Dewberry; Northern Dewberry

Citation

Citation RUBUS FLAGELLARIS Willdenow, Enum. Pl. 549. 1809.
Basionym: **
Type: **

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Rubus aboriginus Rubus aboriginus Rydberg, in Britton, Fl. N. Amer. 22: 473. 1913. TEXAS: Upshur Co.: Big Sandy, 7 Apr 1902, Reverchon 2988 (holotype: MO).
Rubus alacer Rubus alacer L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 315, f. 135. 1943. VIRGINIA: Albemarle Co.: Near Charlottesville, s.d., Bailey 388 (holotype: BH).
Rubus alius Rubus alius L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 400. 1943. CONNECTICUT: New London Co.: Waterford, 1938, Jansson 6 (holotype: BH).
Rubus almus Rubus almus (L. H. Bailey) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 264. 1943.Rubus flagellaris Willdenow, var. almus L. H. Bailey 1932. 
Rubus aptatus Rubus aptatus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 315, f. 136. 1943. CONNECTICUT: Hartford Co.: Somers, s.d., Jansson 170 (holotype: BH).
Rubus arenicola Rubus arenicola Blanchard, Rhodora 8: 151. 1906. MAINE
Rubus arizonensis Rubus arizonensis Focke, Biblioth. Bot. 19: 83. 1914. ARIZONA
Rubus armatus Rubus armatus (Fernald) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5; 338. 1943.Rubus recurvicaulis Blanchard, var. armatus Fernald 1920. 
Rubus arundelanus Rubus arundelanus Blanchard, Rhodora 8: 176. 1906. MAINE
Rubus arundelanus var. jeckylanus Rubus arundelanus Blanchard, var. jeckylanus (Blanchard) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 376. 1943.Rubus jeckylanus Blanchard 1906. 
Rubus ashei Rubus ashei L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 378, f. 170. 1943. NORTH CAROLINA: Without data, 28 May 1902, Ashe s.n. (holotype: BH; isotype: WIS?).
Rubus austrinus Rubus austrinus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 498. 1949. TEXAS: Denton Co.: 6.5 mi. S of Aubrey, 9 Jun 1945, McVaugh 7115 (holotype: BH).
Rubus bollianus Rubus bollianus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 250. 1943. TEXAS: Tarrant Co.: NW of Grapevine,
Rubus bonus Rubus bonus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 3: 133. 1933.  
Rubus botruosus Rubus botruosus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 288. 1947. NEW YORK: Steuben Co.: Woodhull, 18 Jun 1947, Bailey 301 (holotype: BH).
Rubus bretonis Rubus bretonis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 336, f. 145. 1943. CANADA: Nova Scotia: Victoria Co.: Dingwall, Cape North region, 9 Jul 1937, Bailey 606 (holotype: BH).
Rubus brevipedalis Rubus brevipedalis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 327. 1943. CONNECTICUT: Middlesex Co.: Salmon River, East Haddom, 1936, Jansson 1 (holotype: BH).
Rubus cacaponensis Rubus cacaponensis H. A. Davis & T. Davis, Castanea 18: 21, fig.[p. 18]. 1953. WEST VIRGINIA: Hampshire Co.: Along the Cacapon River road near Capon Bridge, s.d., Davis & Davis 8416 (holotype: WVA?).
Rubus camurus Rubus camurus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 342, f. 149. 1943. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: Washington, N side of Cleveland Avenue, s.d., Steele 219 (holotype: BH).
Rubus canadensis var. invisus Rubus canadensis Linnaeus, var. invisus L. H. Bailey, Amer. Gard. 12: 83. 1891. NEW YORK: Tompkins Co.: Cascadilla Gorge, Ithaca,
Rubus canadensis var. roribaccus Rubus canadensis Linnaeus, var. roribaccus L. H. Bailey, Amer. Gard. 11: 642, frontispiece. 1890. Cult. in New York, 12 Jun 1890, Bailey s.n. (holotype: BH).
Rubus cathartium Rubus cathartium Fernald, Rhodora 47: 153, t. 892, 893. 1945. VIRGINIA: Brunswick Co.: Near old Taylor Place, Seward Forest, near Triplet, 23 Jun 1944, Fernald & Lewis 14615 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).
Rubus celer Rubus celer L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 281, f. 117. 1943. MARYLAND: Montgomery Co.: Rock Creek Bluff, off Old Brook Road, s.d., Steele 307 (holotype: BH).
Rubus census Rubus census L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 410, f. 186. 1943. NORTH CAROLINA: McDowell Co.: Old Fort, s.d., Boynton s.n. (holotype: BH).
Rubus centralis Rubus centralis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2: 330. 1932. INDIANA: Clark Co.: State Forest, s.d., Deam 27967 (holotype: BH).
Rubus clairbrownii Rubus clairbrownii L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 347, f. 152. 1943. LOUISIANA: St. Helena Par.: Near Pine Grove, s.d., Brown 5208 (holotype: BH).
Rubus clandestinus Rubus clandestinus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 301, f. 128. 1943. WEST VIRGINIA: Preston Co.: Near foot of Terra Alta Lake, s.d., Bailey 680 (holotype: BH).
Rubus clarus Rubus clarus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 398, f. 180. 1943. VIRGINIA: Fairfax Co.: N of entrance to Mount Vernon estate, 1935, Bailey 502 (holotype: BH).
Rubus coloniatus Rubus coloniatus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 352. 1943. CONNECTICUT: New London Co.: Near Groton, 1938, Jansson 7 (holotype: BH).
Rubus complex Rubus complex L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2: 336. 1932. MICHIGAN: Van Buren Co.: South Haven, s.d., Bailey 7601 (holotype: BH).
Rubus conabilis Rubus conabilis L. H. Bailey, in Hanes & F. Hanes, Fl. Kalamazoo Co. 150, f. 11. 1947. MICHIGAN: Kalamazoo Co.: Sec. 8, Brady Township, s.d., Hanes 1660X (holotype: BH).
Rubus connixus Rubus connixus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 273, f. 113. 1943. VIRGINIA: Charlotte Co.: 2 mi. N of Keysville, s.d., Baldwin 10 (holotype: BH).
Rubus cordialis Rubus cordialis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 271, f. 112. 1943. NORTH CAROLINA: Hertford Co.: Murfreesboro, s.d., Bailey 173 (holotype: BH).
Rubus cordifrons Rubus cordifrons (L. H. Bailey) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 296. 1947.Rubus prosper L. H. Bailey, var. crodifrons L. H. Bailey 1943. 
Rubus currilis Rubus currilis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 272. 1947. WISCONSIN: Waushara Co.: Red Granite, 18 Jun 1925, Fuller 126 (holotype: BH; isotype: MIL).
Rubus curtipes Rubus curtipes L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 362, f. 160. 1943. MASSACHUSETTS: Norfolk Co.: Stoughton, s.d., Blake 11223 (holotype: BH).
Rubus deamii Rubus deamii L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2: 463, f. 203. 1932. INDIANA: Crawford Co.: Without data, Deam 27799 (holotype: BH).
Rubus decor Rubus decor L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 364, f. 162. 1943. KENTUCKY: Marshall Co.: Near Hardin, s.d., Bailey 253 (holotype: BH).
Rubus dissitiflorus Rubus dissitiflorus Fernald, Rhodora 44: 403, pl. 723. 1942. VIRGINIA: Isle of Wight Co.: Bluff by James River, W of old Fort Boykin, 14-16 Jun 1945, Fernald & Long 13052 (holotype: GH).
Rubus dives Rubus dives L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 504, f. 248. 1949. WEST VIRGINIA: Preston Co.: Terra Alta, 1 Aug 1924, Steele 65 (holotype: BH).
Rubus eflagellaris Rubus eflagellaris L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 262, f. 91. 1947. CONNECTICUT
Rubus enslenii Rubus enslenii Trattinnick, Rosac. Monogr. 3: 63. 1823. "in America septentrionali", without data, Enslen s.n. (holotype: W).
Rubus exemptus Rubus exemptus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 285. 1943. KENTUCKY: Fleming Co.: Plummers Mill, s.d., Wharton 4538 (holotype: BH).
Rubus exsularis Rubus exsularis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 386, f. 175. 1943. NEW YORK
Rubus exutus Rubus exutus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 498. 1949. MICHIGAN: Kalamazoo Co.: Vicksburg, 10 Jul 1947, Rapp 6546 (holotype: BH).
Rubus fandus Rubus fandus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 313, f. 133. 1943. WISCONSIN: Vilas Co.: Near shore of Island Lake, 7 mi. W of Boulder Junction, 21 Aug 1939, Schneider 1350 (holotype: BH).
Rubus fecundus Rubus fecundus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 276, f. 114. 1943. VIRGINIA: Arlington Co.: Aurora Heights, s.d., Steele 343 (holotype: BH).
Rubus felix Rubus felix L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 271, f. 111. 1943. MASSACHUSETTS: Barnstable Co.: Brewster, s.d., Bailey 727 (holotype: BH).
Rubus flagellaris var. almus Rubus flagellaris Willdenow, var. almus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2: 319, f. 155. 1932. TEXAS
Rubus flagellaris var. geophilus Rubus flagellaris Willdenow, var. geophilus (Blanchard) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 235. 1925.Rubus geophilus Blanchard 1906. 
Rubus flagellaris var. invisus Rubus flagellaris Willdenow, var. invisus (L. H. Bailey) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 161. 1923.Rubus canadensis Linnaeus, var. invisus L. H. Bailey 1891. 
Rubus flagellaris var. michiganensis Rubus flagellaris Willdenow, var. michiganensis (Card) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 161. 1923.Rubus villosus Aiton, var. michiganensis Card 1898. 
Rubus flagellaris var. occidualis Rubus flagellaris Willdenow, var. occidualis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2: 318. 1932. IOWA: Story Co.: Ames,
Rubus flagellaris var. roribaccus Rubus flagellaris Willdenow, var. roribaccus (L. H. Bailey) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 160. 1923.Rubus canadensis Linnaeus, var. roribaccus L. H. Bailey 1890. 
Rubus florenceae Rubus florenceae L. H. Bailey, in Hanes & F. Hanes, Fl. Kalamazoo Co. 152, f. 12. 1947. MICHIGAN: Kalamazoo Co.: Alamo Township, s.d., Hanes 1809 (holotype: BH).
Rubus foliaceus Rubus foliaceus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 344, f. 151. 1943. TENNESSEE: Hamilton Co.: Top of Lookout Mountain, by Chattanooga, 1926, Bailey 7262 (holotype: BH).
Rubus folioflorus Rubus folioflorus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 376, f. 169. 1943. MINNESOTA: Ramsey Co.: E shore of Snail Lake, s.d., Rydberg & Rosendahl 5114 (holotype: MIN).
Rubus frustratus Rubus frustratus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 352, f. 155. 1943. MISSOURI: Cooper Co.: Without data, Bush 14789 (holotype: BH).
Rubus geophilus Rubus geophilus Blanchard, Rhodora 8: 148. 1906. MAINE
Rubus grimesii Rubus grimesii L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2: 331, f. 158. 1932. VIRGINIA: James City Co.: 0.5 mi. W of Williamsburg, 1921, Grimes s.n. (holotype: BH).
Rubus hancinianus Rubus hancinianus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 289, f. 120. 1943. KANSAS: Saline Co.: About Salina, s.d., Hancin 1810 (holotype: BH).
Rubus housei Rubus housei L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 293. 1947. NEW YORK: Ulster Co.: Near Glenerie,
Rubus ignarus Rubus ignarus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 510, f. 251. 1949. WEST VIRGINIA: Monongalia Co.: Morgantown, 3 Jun 1945, Davis & Davis 6634 (holotype: BH).
Rubus imperiorum Rubus imperiorum Fernald, Rhodora 50: 78, t. 1095, 1096. 1948. VIRGINIA: James City Co.: 1.5 mi. E of Williamsburg, 17 Apr 1921, Grimes 3442 (holotype: GH).
Rubus indianensis Rubus indianensis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 384, f. 173. 1943. INDIANA: Martin Co.: Loogootee, s.d., Bailey 10324 (holotype: BH).
Rubus iniens Rubus iniens L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 412, t. 188. 1943. VIRGINIA: James City Co.: West Williamsburg, s.d., Grimes 2703 (holotype: NY).
Rubus injunctus Rubus injunctus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 288, f. 109. 1947. WEST VIRGINIA
Rubus inobvius Rubus inobvius L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 507, f. 250. 1949. WEST VIRGINIA: Perston Co.: Terra Alta, 3 Jun 1925, Steele 50 (holotype: BH).
Rubus invisus Rubus invisus (L. H. Bailey) Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 20: 279. 1893.Rubus canadensis Linnaeus, var. invisus L. H. Bailey 1891. 
Rubus ithacanus Rubus ithacanus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 295, f. 138, 139. 1925. NEW YORK
Rubus jactus Rubus jactus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 306. 1947. VERMONT: Chittenden Co.: S of road to Appleton Point, near Burlington,
Rubus jaysmithii Rubus jaysmithii L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 278, f. 1151. 1943. NEW YORK: Tompkins Co.: Ithaca, s.d., Bailey 607 (holotype: BH).
Rubus jaysmithii var. angustior Rubus jaysmithii L. H. Bailey, var. angustior L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 278, f. 116. 1943. NEW YORK: Chemung Co.: Sullivan Hill, Lowman, s.d., Smith 1845 (holotype: BH).
Rubus jeckylanus Rubus jeckylanus Blanchard, Rhodora 8: 177. 1906. MAINE
Rubus kentuckiensis Rubus kentuckiensis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 386, f. 174. 1943. KENTUCKY: Pike Co.: Near Meta, s.d., Bailey 221 (holotype: BH).
Rubus lassus Rubus lassus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 256, f. 88. 1947. TEXAS
Rubus leviculis Rubus leviculis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 390, f. 176. 1943. SOUTH CAROLINA: Pickens Co.: Clemson College, s.d., Rice 536 (holotype: BH).
Rubus longipes Rubus longipes Fernald, Rhodora 50: 77. 1948. VIRGINIA: Southampton Co.: Near Meherrin River S of Hugo, 13 Jun 1939, Fernald & Long 10289 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).
Rubus macdanielsii Rubus macdanielsii L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 304. 1947. MARYLAND: Frederick Co.: 1 mi. N of Sabillasville,
Rubus maltei Rubus maltei L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 269, f. 110. 1943. CANADA: Ontario: Near Ottawa, 1923, Malte 280 (holotype: BH).
Rubus masseyi Rubus masseyi L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 396, f. 179. 1943. VIRGINIA: Carroll Co.: Fancy Cap, s.d., Bailey 618 (holotype: BH).
Rubus meracus Rubus meracus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 356, f. 157. 1943. MICHIGAN: Kalamazoo Co.: Vicinity of Alamo, s.d., Hanes 439 (holotype: BH).
Rubus michiganensis Rubus michiganensis (Card) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 2: 334. 1925.Rubus villosus Aiton, var. michiganensis Card 1898. 
Rubus minnesotanus Rubus minnesotanus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 328, f. 98(B). 1943. MINNESOTA: Cass Co.: Near Backus, s.d., Butters & Moore 13513 (holotype: BH).
Rubus multifer Rubus multifer L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 262. 1943. WISCONSIN: St. Croix Co.: Kinnickinnick, s.d., Fuller 3846 (holotype: BH).
Rubus mundus Rubus mundus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 355, f. 156. 1943. ILLINOIS: Hamilton Co.: McLeasnboro, s.d., Bailey 278 (holotype: BH).
Rubus nefrens Rubus nefrens L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 1: 239, f. 111. 1925. MISSOURI: Jackson Co.: Swope Park, 21 May 1923, Bush 10062A (holotype: BH).
Rubus neonefrens Rubus neonefrens L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 283. 1943. OKLAHOMA: Pittsburgh Co.: Near Crowder, s.d., Bailey 7510 (holotype: BH).
Rubus obsessus Rubus obsessus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 318, f. 137. 1943. NEW YORK: Chemung Co.: S of Seven Acres Pond, s.d., Smith 925 (holotype: BH).
Rubus obsessus var. unilaris Rubus obsessus L. H. Bailey, var. unilaris L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 320. 1943. NEW YORK: Chemung Co.: Near Lowman, s.d., Bailey 665 (holotype: BH).
Rubus obvius Rubus obvius L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 360, f. 159. 1943. MARYLAND: Harford Co.: Aberdeen, s.d., Smith 10010 (holotype: BH).
Rubus occidualis Rubus occidualis (L. H. Bailey) L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 264. 1943.Rubus flagellaris Willdenow, var. occidualis L. H. Bailey 1932. 
Rubus occultus Rubus occultus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 298, f. 126. 1943. MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Cypress Creek, N of Biloxi, s.d., Bailey 7135 (holotype: BH).
Rubus particeps Rubus particeps L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 402, f. 181. 1943. CANADA: Nova Scotia: Kings Co.: Kingston, s.d., Bailey 715 (holotype: BH).
Rubus peracer Rubus peracer L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 492, f. 223. 1944. MICHIGAN: Cheboygan Co.: Near University of Michigan Biological Station, s.d., Bailey 788 (holotype: BH).
Rubus pityophilus Rubus pityophilus S. J. Smith ex L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 298, f. 114. 1947. NEW YORK
Rubus plexus Rubus plexus Fernald, Rhodora 43: 567. 1941. VIRGINIA: Princess Anne Co.: E of Little Creek, 4 May 1935, Fernald & Griscom 4432 (holotype: GH).
Rubus plicatifolius Rubus plicatifolius Blanchard, Rhodora 8: 149. 1906. MAINE
Rubus procumbens Rubus procumbens Muhlenberg ex W. P. C. Barton, Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 1: 233. 1818.  
Rubus procumbens subsp. subuniflorus Rubus procumbens Muhlenberg ex W. P. C. Barton, subsp. subuniflorus (Rydberg) Focke, Biblioth. Bot. 3: 118. 1914.Rubus subuniflorus Rydberg 1901; Rubus villosus Aiton 1789, non Thunberg 1784. 
Rubus procumbens var. roribaccus Rubus procumbens Muhlenberg, var. roribaccus (L. H. Bailey) L. H. Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 3031. 1916.Rubus canadensis Linnaeus, var. roribaccus L. H. Bailey 1890. 
Rubus profusiflorus Rubus profusiflorus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 412, t. 187. 1943. INIDIANA: Starke Co.: 3 mi. S of Knox, s.d., Deam 38809 (holotype: BH).
Rubus pronus Rubus pronus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 295, f. 124. 1943. MARYLAND: Garrett Co.: Mountain Lake, s.d., Bailey 670 (holotype: BH).
Rubus prosper var. cordifrons Rubus prosper L. H. Bailey, var. cordifrons L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 373, f. 166(C). 1943. MARYLAND: Prince Georges Co.: Near Beltsville, s.d., MacDaniels & Lawrence 1208 (holotype: BH).
Rubus recurvicaulis Rubus recurvicaulis Blanchard, Rhodora 8: 153. 1906. MAINE
Rubus recurvicaulis var. armatus Rubus recurvicaulis Blanchard, var. armatus Fernald, Rhodora 22: 168. 1920. CANADA: Newfoundland: Whitbourne, 8 Aug 1991, Fernald & Wiegand 5711 (holotype: GH).
Rubus recurvicaulis var. inarmatus Rubus recurvicaulis Blanchard, var. inarmatus Blanchard, Rhodora 8: 155. 1906. MAINE
Rubus redundans Rubus redundans L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 300. 1947. MARYLAND: Harford Co.: Aberdeen,
Rubus rhodophyllus Rubus rhodophyllus Rydberg ex Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 518, 1331. 1903. MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Point St. Martin, 21 Aug 1898, Tracy 4109 (holotype: NY).
Rubus roribaccus Rubus roribaccus (L. H. Bailey) Rydberg, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 498. 1901.Rubus canadensis Linnaeus, var. roribaccus L. H. Bailey 1890. 
Rubus rosagnetis Rubus rosagnetis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 394, f. 178. 1943. KENTUCKY: Nelson Co.: The Knobs, near New Hope, s.d., Bailey 297 (holotype: BH).
Rubus russeus Rubus russeus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 498, f. 226. 1944. CANADA: Nova Scotia: Halifax Co.: Waverly, s.d., Bailey 665 (holotype: BH).
Rubus sailorii Rubus sailorii L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 268, f. 94. 1947. WEST VIRGINIA
Rubus sanfordii Rubus sanfordii L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 308. 1947. MASSACHUSETTS: Bristol Co.: Fort Phoenix region at Fairhaven,
Rubus satis Rubus satis L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 366, f. 163. 1943. NEW YORK: Jefferson Co.: Near E gate of Madison Barracks, Sackets Harbor, s.d., Bailey 861 (holotype: BH).
Rubus scambens Rubus scambens L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 382. 1943. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: Near Sheridan Circle, 1916, Steele 126 [147?] (holotype: BH).
Rubus schoolcraftianus Rubus schoolcraftianus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 330, f. 143. 1943. MICHIGAN: Kalamazoo Co.:
Rubus serenus Rubus serenus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 295, f. 125. 1943. ALABAMA: Jefferson Co.: Gate City, Birmingham, s.d., Bailey 597 (holotype: BH).
Rubus sewardianus Rubus sewardianus Fernald, Rhodora 47: 154, t. 894, 895. 1945. VIRGINIA: Brunswick Co.: Near old Taylor Place, Seward Forest, near Triplet, 23 Jun 1944, Fernald & Lewis 14616 (holotype: GH; isotype: PH).
Rubus steelei Rubus steelei L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 268, f. 109. 1943. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: Without data, 8 Jun 1920, Steele 120 (holotype: BH).
Rubus subinnoxius Rubus subinnoxius Fernald, Rhodora 49: 146, t. 1067-1069. 1947. VIRGINIA: Southampton Co.: Whitefield Millpond, SW of Corinth, 5 Jun 1946, Fernald & Moore 15103 (holotype: GH; isotypes: MO, PH).
Rubus subuniflorus Rubus subuniflorus Rydberg, in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States 498. 1901.Rubus villosus Aiton 1789, non Thunberg 1784. 
Rubus tenuicaulis Rubus tenuicaulis L. H. Bailey, in Hanes & F. Hanes, Fl. Kalamazoo Co. 144, f. 8. 1947. MICHIGAN: Kalamazoo Co.: E shore of Austin Lake, s,d, Hanes 1802 (holotype: BH).
Rubus terraltanus Rubus terraltanus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 504, f. 247. 1949. WEST VIRGINIA:
Rubus tetricus Rubus tetricus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 252, f. 101. 1943. MASSACHUSETTS: Hampshire Co.: Southampton, W of the Connecticut River, s.d., Bailey 834 (holotype: BH).
Rubus tracyi Rubus tracyi L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 301, f. 127. 1943. MISSISSIPPI: Harrison Co.: Cypress Creek, N of Biloxi, 1898, Tracy 4195 (holotype: BH).
Rubus uniflorifer Rubus uniflorifer L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 260. 1947. WEST VIRGINIA: Hancock Co.: Near Newell,
Rubus urbanianus Rubus urbanianus Berger, in Hedrick et al., Rep. New York State Agric. Exp. Sta. 1925(2): 68. 1926. NEW YORK: Niagara Co.: 7 mi. E of Youngstown on Lake Ontario,
Rubus uvidus Rubus uvidus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 304, f. 129. 1943. MICHIGAN: Kalamazoo Co.: Near Vicksburg, s.d., Rapp 6203 (holotype: BH).
Rubus villosus Rubus villosus Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 210. 1789, non Thunberg 1784.  
Rubus villosus subsp. enslenii Rubus villosus Aiton, subsp. enslenii (Trattinnick) W. Stone, Pl. New Jersey 480. 1911.Rubus enslenii Trattinnick 1823. 
Rubus villosus var. humifusus Rubus villosus Aiton, var. humifusus Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 455. 1840. NEW YORK: Orange Co.: West Point,
Rubus villosus var. michiganensis Rubus villosus Aiton, var. michiganensis Card, in L. H. Bailey, Sketch Evol. Native Fruits 374. 1898. MICHIGAN
Rubus villosus var. roribaccus Rubus villosus Aiton, var. roribaccus (L. H. Bailey) L. H. Bailey, Sketch Evol. Native Fruits 373. 1898.Rubus canadensis Linnaeus, var. roribaccus L. H. Bailey 1890. 
Rubus vixalacer Rubus vixalacer L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 7: 273, f. 100. 1947.  
Rubus whartoniae Rubus whartoniae L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 357, f. 158. 1943. KENTUCKY: Montgomery Co.: Near Jeffersonville, s.d., Wharton 6132 (holotype: BH).
Rubus baileyanus Rubus baileyanus Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 185. 1894.Rubus villosus Aiton, var. humifusus Torrey & A. Gray 1840. 
Rubus depavitus Rubus depavitus L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 382, f. 172. 1943. MARYLAND: Harford Co.: Aberdeen, s.d., Smith 10008 (holotype: BH).
Rubus temerarius Rubus temerarius L. H. Bailey, Gentes Herb. 5: 350, f. 154. 1943. NORTH CAROLINA: Yancey Co.: Swiss, s.d., Bailey 435 (holotype: BH).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Clarke, Clay, Cleburne, Coosa, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Dallas, DeKalb, Elmore, Escambia, Etowah, Fayette, Geneva, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lawrence, Lee, Madison, Marshall, Mobile, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Randolph, St. Clair, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1892 - 2003

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
JSU131626 Clay 19 Jun 1993 J. M. Ballard
2819
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UNA00016789 DeKalb 09 May 1959 Roland M. Harper
4422
UNA
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
JSU131549 Bibb 28 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
421
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131640 Fayette 18 Apr 1979 R. D. Whetstone
9389
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024076 Bibb 29 APR 1979 BECKETT, SCOTT W.
112
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
AUA000024085 Lee 11 APR 1960 SHELDON, JOE
8.4
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
UNA00060116 Hale 23 May 2003 Robert R. Haynes
10377
UNA
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
TROY000008557 Dale 06 Jun 2000 Michael Woods
8135
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UNA00058955 Blount 10 May 1999 R. Kral
88273
UNA
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
TROY000008562 Pike 24 Apr 1996 Jeanese Holmes
160
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131652 Randolph 31 May 1984 C. F. Nixon
731
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008563 Pike 19 Mar 1997 Astrid Evers
20
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131552 Calhoun 11 Apr 1989 Erik Alford
165
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024083 Lee 13 APR 1969 MOORE, HAROLD D.
097-69
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
JSU131624 Clay 11 May 1994 J. M. Ballard
3903
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000039024 Coosa 30 May 2013 Alvin R. Diamond
24136
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131641 Jackson 2 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1678
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UWAL0047203 Autauga 20 Mar 2018 Parker, Matthew R.
1549
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131554 Calhoun 31 May 1982 R. D. Whetstone
11247
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024090 Perry 7 APR 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
897
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
JSU131653 St. Clair 12 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13208
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024087 Lee 2 MAY 1970 WOOD, KERRY
091
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
TROY000029243 Butler 18 Apr 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20595
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008553 Dale 22 Feb 1997 Hannelore Rundell
5
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131651 Randolph 31 May 1984 C. F. Nixon
731
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008550 Butler 29 Apr 2007 Alvin R. Diamond
17483
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131654 St. Clair 10 May 1984 Donna Beavers
s.n.
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024894 Dallas 13 APR 2006 DIAMOND, JR., ALVIN R.
16247
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
JSU131638 Etowah 14 Jun 1969 Jan Cofield
s.n.
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131548 Bibb 1 Apr 1999 K. R. Brodeur
1649
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UWAL0014714 Coosa 30 May 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24136
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
JSU131551 Blount 31 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7858
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024084 Lee 6 APR 1976 SESSLER, ANN H.
011
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
TROY000028073 Crenshaw 31 May 2009 Alvin R. Diamond
20743
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131657 Walker 8 Apr 1967 N. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000023230 Geneva 20 Apr 2008 Alvin R. Diamond
19007
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000042092 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26225
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000039516 Elmore 07 Jul 2011 Robert Pullen
43
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008556 Dale 08 Sep 1997 Hannelore Rundell
341
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131650 Randolph 15 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
193
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008549 Bullock 24 Apr 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16295
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131639 Etowah 17 Apr 1968 Don Bartling
s.n.
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UNA00015845 Lee 27 Mar 1897 Baker
s.n.
UNA
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
JSU131646 Madison 25 Jun 1993 J. M. Ballard
2673
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024081 Etowah 28 MAR 1973 GUYSE, KEITH D.
002
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
JSU131637 Etowah 27 May 1994 L. M. Hodge
1301
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131559 Cherokee 19 Jun 1986 R. D. Whetstone
15217
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024077 Chambers 8 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
108
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
TROY000008558 Dale 03 May 2000 Tiffany Pennington
600
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024091 Randolph 13 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
287
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
JSU131558 Cherokee 6 May 1983 R. D. Whetstone
13078
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UWAL0031576 Lawrence 21 Jun 2013 England, J. Kevin
4323
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024080 Clarke 29 MAY 1981 HENDERSON, T.
106
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
AUA000037865 Covington 14 Mar 2012 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5410
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
JSU131556 Calhoun 1 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
184
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UWAL0003860 Morgan 08 Jun 1981 Kral, R.
67379
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
JSU131645 Madison 11 May 1996 D. D. Spaulding
8426
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131656 Talladega 6 Jun 1980 J. Carlisle
s.n.
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008554 Dale 26 Mar 1999 Brian F. Prazinko
s.n.
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131643 Jefferson 18 May 1984 J. P. Barber
461
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008551 Butler 09 Jun 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13285
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UNA00015854 DeKalb 01 Jun 1892 Charles Mohr
s.n.
UNA
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
JSU131550 Blount 22 May 1973 R. D. Whetstone
s.n.
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024088 Lee 16 APR 1958 SANSING, NORMAN G.
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
UWAL0005489 Montgomery 07 Apr 2011 Diamond, A.R.
21862
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131627 Clay 3 May 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
615
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024093 Tallapoosa 6 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2001
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
JSU131632 Dallas 9 Jun 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14060
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131631 Dallas 16 Apr 2010 T. Wayne Barger
OC-41
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008561 Escambia 28 Mar 1995 Cynthia L. Brittain
43
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131553 Calhoun 26 Apr 1987 C. L. Lawler
1551
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131648 Marshall 13 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1335
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000038025 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Bailee Dykes
947
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UWAL0003859 Butler 18 Apr 2009 Diamond, A.R.
20595
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
JSU131625 Clay 20 Mar 1993 J. M. Ballard
1408
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UNA00015791 Tuscaloosa 23 May 1974 Terry Raycraft
s.n.
UNA
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
JSU131547 Baldwin 29 Mar 1998 K. R. Brodeur
437
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131623 Chilton 18 May 1984 R. D. Whetstone
14005
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024078 Chambers 8 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
093
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
AUA000024086 Lee 21 APR 1966 SIMMONS, E. E.
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
AUA000024082 Fayette 19 APR 1970 RUSH, LARRY
072
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
UWAL0017729 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26149
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UNA00015853 Tuscaloosa 08 Apr 1963 Rebecca Deramus
334
UNA
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
AUA000038017 Covington 04 May 2012 HANSEN, CURTIS J.
5538
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
JSU131622 Cherokee 6 May 1983 C. F. Nixon
97
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UWAL0014028 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
0947
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131560 Cherokee 7 May 1983 C. M. De Fiori
013
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131635 DeKalb 15 Apr 1967 G. Collier
s.n.
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024092 Randolph 5 MAY 1986 NIXON, C. F.
2136
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
JSU131642 Jefferson 28 May 1984 J. P. Barber
240
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008559 Dallas 13 Apr 2006 Alvin R. Diamond
16247
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
USAM000013860 Mobile 17 Apr 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4354
USAM
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131649 Marshall 29 Mar 1976 R. D. Whetstone
7809
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024075 Bibb 10 MAY 1977 SESSLER, ANN H.
1252
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
TROY000044802 Geneva 23 Mar 2017 Cameron Byrd
857
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131555 Calhoun 7 Apr 1967 N. Sanford
s.n.
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
USAM000013861 Mobile 12 Mar 1968 Michael G. LeLong
4174
USAM
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131621 Cherokee 1 Apr 1976 T. A. Atkinson
1026
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000042461 Houston 02 Apr 2015 Alvin R. Diamond
26149
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008555 Dale 04 Apr 1998 Hannelore Rundell
520
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131634 DeKalb 12 May 1988 C. C. Dickson
1237
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000032581 Montgomery 07 Apr 2011 Alvin R. Diamond
21862
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131647 Marshall 22 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1357
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UNA00060383 Crenshaw 05 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13137
UNA
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
UWAL0036097 Blount 19 Apr 2015 Anderson, Kelly
0788
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
JSU131628 Clay 4 Apr 1994 J. M. Ballard
3490
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008552 Crenshaw 05 May 2002 Alvin R. Diamond
13137
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131636 Etowah 9 Apr 1994 L. M. Hodge
1138
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131629 Clay 2 May 1981 R. D. Whetstone
10652
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024079 Chambers 8 APR 1975 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
131
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
UWAL0017496 Houston 23 Apr 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26225
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131630 Cleburne 3 May 1983 Melanie G. Bussey
596
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
AUA000024094 Tallapoosa 15 APR 1976 RUTLAND, DAVID W.
2134
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
JSU131633 DeKalb 9 Jun 1976 R. D. Whetstone
8444
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
UWAL0037375 Bullock 06 Apr 2016 Soehren, Eric C.
0218
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
AUA000028965 Clarke 15 MAY 2013 HORNE, HOWARD E.
SWS-227
AUA
RUBUS FLAGELLARIS WILLD.
UWAL0003858 Butler 29 Apr 2007 Diamond, A.R.
17483
UWAL
Rubus flagellaris Willd.
JSU131557 Calhoun 1 May 1986 C. L. Lawler
184
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000023229 Covington 09 May 2005 Robert Kral
96304
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131644 Marshall 13 Apr 1992 D. D. Spaulding
1333
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
JSU131655 Talladega 10 Apr 1994 J. M. Ballard
3518
JSU
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
TROY000008560 DeKalb 25 Apr 1987 C. C. Dickson
215
TROY
Rubus flagellaris Willdenow
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