Ammannia coccinea

Family:LYTHRACEAE
Species:Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
Common Name:Valley Redstem; Scarlet Loosestrife
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Scarlet Loosestrife is a native annual herb in the Loosestrife family (Lythraceae). It can be found throughout Alabama. Scarlet Loosestrife occurs in swamps, along the margins of ponds and lakes, along streams and rivers, and in wet roadside ditches. Stems are succulent, glabrous, green in color, and often branched from near the base. The stems are slightly angled. Leaves are opposite, sessile, lanceolate in outline, with entire margins. The bases of the leaves are auriculate clasping. Leaves are glabrous or scabrous. Flowers are produce in sessile axillary cymes of 3-5 flowers in the axils of the upper leaves. Each flower has a tubular calyx and no or 4 pink petals. The fruit is a globose, purple-red capsule. Seed are numerous and yellow in color. The fruit and foliage of Scarlet Loosestrife is consumed by ducks and other waterfowl.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, FACW+ (NWI)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLYTHRACEAE - Loosestrife family
Genus Ammannia
Species Ammannia coccinea Rottboell - Valley Redstem; Scarlet Loosestrife

Citation

Citation AMMANNIA COCCINEA Rottbøll, Pl. Horti Univ. Rar. Progr. 7. 1773.
Basionym: **
Type: JAMAICA: St. Catherine Par.: 1 mi. W of Spanish Town, 15 Nov 1958, Proctor 18339 (neotype: NY; isoneotype: A). Neotypified by S. A. Graham, J. Arnold Arbor. 66: 407. 1985.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Ammannia coccinea subsp. purpurea Ammannia coccinea Rottboell, subsp. purpurea (Koehne) Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1: 250. 1880.Ammannia sanguinolenta Swartz 1788. 
Ammannia latifolia var. octandra Ammannia latifolia Linnaeus, var. octandra A. Gray, in Engelmann et al., Pl. Lindheim. 188. 1850.Ammannia texana Scheele 1848. 
Ammannia pedunculata Ammannia pedunculata Rusby, Descr. S. Amer. Pl. 68. 1920. COLOMBIA: Magdalena: Cienaga, 10 Sep 1898, Smith 548 (holotype: NY; isotypes: CM, F, GH, K, P).
Ammannia sagittata var. angustifolia Ammannia sagittata de Candolle, var. angustifolia A. Richard, in Sagra, Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 10: 252. 1845. CUBA: Near San Diego, s.d., Sagra s.n. (holotype: P).
Ammannia sanguinolenta Ammannia sanguinolenta Swartz, Prodr. 33. 1788. Without data, Swartz s.n. (holotype: S).
Ammannia sanguinolenta subsp. longifolia Ammannia sanguinolenta Swartz, subsp. longifolia Koehne, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 13(2): 208. 1877.  
Ammannia sanguinolenta subsp. purpurea Ammannia sanguinolenta Swartz, subsp. purpurea Koehne, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 13(2): 207. 1877, nom. inadmiss.Ammannia sanguinolenta Swartz 1788. 
Ammannia stylosa Ammannia stylosa Fischer & C. A. Meyer, Index Sem. Hort. Petrop. 7: 41. 1841. LOUISIANA: Orleans Par.: New Orleans, s.d., Wiedemann s.n. (holotype: LE).
Ammannia teres Ammannia teres Rafinesque, Autik. Bot. 39. 1840. DELAWARE: Sussex Co.: Without data, Nuttall s.n. (lectotype: P). Lectotypified by S. A. Graham, J. Arnold Arbor. 66: 407. 1985.
Ammannia texana Ammannia texana Scheele, Linnaea 21: 588. 1848. TEXAS: Comal Co.: Near New Braunfels, s.d., Lindheimer s.n. (holotype: ?).

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Baldwin, Barbour, Bibb, Blount, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Cherokee, Choctaw, Clarke, Colbert, Covington, Cullman, Dallas, Elmore, Etowah, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Houston, Jackson, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Lowndes, Madison, Marengo, Marshall, Mobile, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Perry, Pike, Shelby, St. Clair, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Washington, Wilcox, Winston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, USAM, UWAL, UWFP

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1976 - 1993

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
SAMF0002715 Jefferson 22 Jul 2003 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2902
SAMF
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018964 Montgomery 17 Sep 1977 Harvey, Denise
263
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0002353 St. Clair 02 Sep 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13059
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130554 Clarke 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18855
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC_41928 Montgomery 9 Aug 1981 Eble, C.F.
125
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
JSU130565 St. Clair 9 Sep 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13702
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018982 Jackson 02 Aug 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
728
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008331 Greene 07 Jun 1979 LeLong, Michel G.
10856
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0013951 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
1076
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00064853 Clarke 07 Sep 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2963
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000006848 Montgomery 12 Aug 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14595
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130566 Talladega 2 Sep 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13632
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
TROY000047257 Baldwin 20 Oct 1975 Lelong, Michel G.
8861
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0047121 Colbert 28 May 2012 Webb, David H.
7988
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008330 Baldwin 01 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11828
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00069255 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
926
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130555 Cullman 12 Aug 1974 Atkinson, Tim A.
639
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0006654 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
926
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130551 Calhoun 5 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11830
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
TROY000006847 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18155
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00008810 Perry 06 Aug 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
8190
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0001817 Houston 22 Oct 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21671
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130560 Jackson 22 Jun 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
2130
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
TROY000006849 Pike 01 Oct 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12164
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018993 Madison 11 Jun 1980 Meigs, Russell A.
1015
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000029195 Choctaw 13 Aug 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12737
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018994 Autauga 24 Sep 1977 Davenport, Lawrence J.
169
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130548 Calhoun 2 Aug 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
1083
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
SAMF0002716 Lawrence 04 Oct 2011 Davenport, Lawrence J.
4915
SAMF
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0038731 Lawrence 01 Sep 2018 England, J. Kevin
9410
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottbøll
UWAL0019170 Bullock 06 Aug 1996 Kral, Robert
86432
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000037486 Bullock 26 Jul 2012 Dykes, Bailee
221
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018967 Montgomery 03 Sep 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6360
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0046406 Autauga 19 Oct 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1407
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC_69198 Lee 30 Oct 2006 Loewenstein, Nancy J.
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
JSU130557 Etowah 9 Oct 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
4015
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0019358 Limestone 24 Aug 1991 Kral, Robert
79606
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130547 Bibb 25 Sep 1998 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1473
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
TROY000032211 Houston 22 Oct 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21671
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018977 Wilcox 29 Oct 1981 Ireland, Kathleen
51
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
AUA_ACC_40091 Barbour 25 Aug 1982 Godwin, James C.
11
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
UNA00018979 Shelby 24 Sep 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
903
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130550 Calhoun 30 Jul 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
883
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
SAMF0002720 Perry 03 Nov 2005 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3390
SAMF
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0035383 Marengo 16 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9886
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008339 Greene 19 Oct 1979 LeLong, Michel G.
10978
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0036475 Greene 28 Oct 2017 England, J. Kevin
8606
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottbøll
UWAL0019990 Morgan 15 Aug 2015 England, J. Kevin
5607
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018984 Montgomery 03 Sep 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6367
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
AUA_ACC_67365 Choctaw 13 Aug 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12737
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
UNA00068717 Blount 29 Aug 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1551
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008336 Baldwin 15 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11883
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018976 Limestone 01 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6800
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000021236 Butler 29 Jul 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
19643
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018978 Tallapoosa 11 Oct 1981 Forster, Wendy R.
191
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0008743 Lawrence 04 Oct 2011 Davenport, L.J.
4915
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
TROY000006850 Wilcox 03 Nov 2005 Diamond, Alvin R.
16039
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0016589 Greene 18 Aug 2013 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13839
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00018965 Elmore 24 Sep 1977 Smith, Chic
37
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
AUA_ACC_63841 Montgomery 12 Aug 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14595
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
AUA_ACC_48328 Barbour 20 Nov 1980 Jacobs, Robert
143
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
JSU130562 Marshall 19 Oct 1994 Spaulding, Daniel D.
6794
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008341 Greene 29 Oct 1977 LeLong, Michel G.
10029
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018985 Dallas 23 Oct 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6400
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130559 Jackson 30 Jun 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
8981
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0051671 Winston 08 Sep 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15704
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
AUA_ACC_41059 Calhoun 5 Aug 1982 Whetstone, R.David
11,830
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
JSU130556 Etowah 4 Sep 1995 Hodge-Spaulding, Lesley M.
4334
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0030240 Lowndes 27 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26766
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC_61710 Choctaw 23 Aug 1995 Crouch, Virginia E.
1462
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
UNA00073894 Marengo 16 Oct 2016 Keener, Brian R.
9886
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
SAMF0002717 Shelby 23 Sep 2006 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3585
SAMF
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA000041412 Covington 24 Oct 2013 Hansen, Curtis J.
5830
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
UNA00018990 Dallas 25 Sep 1977 Davenport, Lawrence J.
183
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008335 Mobile 22 Sep 1976 LeLong, Michel G.
9522
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0051734 Franklin 22 Sep 2018 Spaulding, Daniel D.
15710
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008333 Baldwin 20 Oct 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8861
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0042843 Baldwin 09 Sep 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
818
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0033322 Franklin 13 Aug 2016 England, J. Kevin
6736
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018966 Lowndes 04 Sep 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6375
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0006655 Monroe 17 Sep 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18155
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00060497 Mobile 25 Dec 2002 Zebryk, Tad M.
8173
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000049857 Elmore 17 Jun 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29335
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018991 Lawrence 01 Aug 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6811
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000048691 Autauga 19 Oct 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
1407
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018980 Hale s.d. Glenboski, Linda Leigh
21
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
SAMF0002721 Jefferson 13 Oct 2005 Davenport, Lawrence J.
3368
SAMF
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0018052 Etowah 10 Sep 1989 Kral, Robert
77111
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000006846 Covington 17 Jun 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13349
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0038283 Baldwin 20 Oct 1975 LeLong, Michel G.
8861
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130549 Calhoun 17 Aug 1986 Lawler, Carol L.
1010
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC_35111 Shelby 25 Sep 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1881
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
UWAL0006651 Blount 29 Aug 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1551
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130553 Cherokee 27 Oct 1983 Whetstone, R. David
13844
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008328 Baldwin 02 Aug 1980 Lott, Bob
82
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018983 Barbour 26 Sep 1976 Haynes, Robert R.
6009
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130552 Calhoun 22 Jun 1982 Whetstone, R. David
11378
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008332 Greene 27 Oct 1978 LeLong, Michel G.
10638
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00022796 Dallas 03 Aug 1993 Haynes, Chris G.
s.n.
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0048285 Covington 24 Oct 2013 Hansen, Curtis J.
5830
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130567 Washington 13 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18641
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
AUA_ACC_5819 Blount 3 Jul 1965 Ellis, H.C.
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
ALNHS00006349 Washington 06 Nov 2018 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#4580
ALNHS
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000021249 Butler 12 Oct 2007 Diamond, Alvin R.
18544
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00055602 Blount 16 Jun 1998 Keener, Brian R.
1036
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008337 Wilcox 04 Aug 1978 Wiersema, John H.
407
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0006652 Choctaw 13 Aug 2007 Spaulding, Daniel D.
12737
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00008805 Mobile _ Jul 1886 Mohr, Charles
s.n.
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000042784 Lowndes 27 Aug 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26766
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
ALNHS00001246 Clarke 22 May 2012 Horne, Howard E.
SWS-164
ALNHS
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000033705 St. Clair 02 Sep 2008 Spaulding, Daniel D.
13059
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
JSU130564 Morgan 15 Sep 1996 Spaulding, Daniel D.
9188
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008334 Baldwin 01 Nov 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11828
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018981 Wilcox 22 Oct 1977 Haynes, Robert R.
6389
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130561 Jackson 21 Sep 1997 Spaulding, Daniel D.
10086
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00062943 Montgomery 12 Aug 2004 Diamond, Alvin R.
14595
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UWAL0006653 Clarke 07 Sep 2003 Keener, Brian R.
2963
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
JSU130563 Monroe 12 Sep 1997 Whetstone, R. David
18538
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018996 Montgomery 17 Aug 1978 Davenport, Lawrence J.
749
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
AUA_ACC_3549 Lee 24 Jul 1950 Cunningham, Hugh B.
AUA
Ammannia Coccinea Rotb.
JSU130558 Etowah 14 Aug 1994 Hodge, Lesley M.
3041
JSU
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
USAM000008340 Greene 06 Jun 1977 LeLong, Michel G.
9798
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWFP012512 Sumter 26 Aug 1978 James R. Burkhalter
6111
UWFP
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018995 Tuscaloosa 04 Sep 1979 Davenport, Lawrence J.
1574
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008329 Baldwin 23 Aug 1980 LeLong, Michel G.
11345
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UNA00018992 Marengo 26 Jul 1978 Haynes, Robert R.
6746
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
TROY000021250 Marengo 20 Aug 2008 England, J. Kevin
926
TROY
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0030566 Covington 19 Aug 1998 Kral, Robert
87666
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
USAM000008338 Morgan 28 Aug 1969 Kral, Robert
36460
USAM
Ammannia coccinea Rottboell
UWAL0049724 Lauderdale 02 Oct 1980 Webb, David H.
3527
UWAL
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
UNA00056024 Covington 30 Jun 1998 MacDonald, John R.
11551
UNA
Ammannia coccinea Rottb.
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