Dicerandra fumella

Family:LAMIACEAE
Species:Dicerandra fumella Huck
Common Name:SMOKY BALM
Habitat:Sandhills.
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Annual
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Smoky Balm is an annual native wildflower in the Mint family (Lamiaceae). It occurs in xeric sandhills in the southern tier of Alabama Counties. Until recognized as distinct in 2010, this plant was identified as Dicerandra linearifolia (Elliot) Benth. (Huck, Robin B. 2010. Dicerandra fumella (Lamiaceae), a new species in the Florida panhandle and adjacent Alabama, with comments on the D. linearifolia complex. Rhodora 112(951): 215-227). Smoky Balm only occurs in southern Alabama and adjacent parts of the Florida Panhandle west of the Apalachicola River. It is listed as an S2 species in Alabama (typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it very vulnerable in the state). Smoky Balm grows to a height of eight to twelve inches. It has a taproot and opposite branches. The linear leaves are opposite. The entire plant has a strong odor of peppermint. White to pale pink flowers spotted with dark purple are produced in late autumn. Smoky Balm requires very well drained bare sandy soils and full sun. Due to its very strict habitat requirements, it is not available commercially. --A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:Until this species was named in 2010, the material in south Alabama was identified as Dicerandra linearifolia (Elliot) Benth.
Status:Native, S2 (State Rank), G4G5 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyLAMIACEAE - Mint family
Genus Dicerandra
Species Dicerandra fumella Huck - SMOKY BALM

Citation

Citation Dicerandra fumella Huck, Rhodora 112(951): 218–226, f. 1 [map], 2A, 3. 2010.
Basionym: **
Type: USA: FLORIDA: Okaloosa Co.: Along Ray Cotton Road near FL 4, 30 Sep 2008, Huck 6301 (holotype: FLAS; isotypes: MO, NCU, NY, GA, USF).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Baldwin, Barbour, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Escambia, Geneva, Houston

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1946 - 1981

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
UNA00040016 Covington 29 Sep 1946 Harper, Roland M.
4031
UNA
Dicerandra linearifolia (Ell.) Benth. var. linearifolia
TROY000029344 Covington 19 Sep 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20938
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
AUA_ACC_57564 Butler 7 Oct 1995 Diamond, Alvin R.
10035
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
AUA_ACC_70297 Covington 28 Oct 2008 Hansen, Curtis J.
3574
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
AUA_ACC_57581 Houston 12 Sep 1992 Macdonald, John R.
5517
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
TROY000042955 Geneva 01 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26872
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UWAL0043919 Baldwin 26 Sep 2001 Larsen, Harry S.
915
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
AUA_ACC_51091 Covington 21 Oct 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
7170
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
ALNHS00000170 Houston 10 Oct 1994 MacDonald, J.R.
7919
ALNHS
Dicerandra fumella R.B. Huck.
AUA_ACC_50554 Escambia 9 Sep 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8452
AUA
Dicerandra Fumella R.B. Huck
UWAL0006424 Butler 05 Oct 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20256
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
AUA_ACC_59877 Covington 23 Sep 1996 Sorrie, Bruce A.
9037
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth. Var. Linearifolia
TROY000042795 Geneva 01 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26874
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
JSU125692 Houston 10 Oct 1994 MacDonald, John R.
7919
JSU
Dicerandra linearifolia (Elliott) Bentham
JSU125691 Barbour 4 Oct 1979 Kral, Robert
64481
JSU
Dicerandra linearifolia (Elliott) Bentham
ALNHS00007671 Covington 06 OCT 2020 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#5339
ALNHS
Dicerandra fumella R.Bl Huck
AUA_ACC_51134 Crenshaw 7 Oct 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
7162
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
TROY000006432 Covington 30 Sep 2000 Diamond, Alvin R.
12160
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UWAL0007932 Butler 05 Oct 2011 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
AUA_ACC_53966 Covington 2 Oct 1994 Diamond, Alvin R.
9405
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
UNA00056310 Covington 26 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12417
UNA
Dicerandra linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
UWAL0030652 Covington 18 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26935
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
AUA_ACC_50134 Crenshaw 24 Sep 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6415
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
AUA_ACC_51409 Covington 5 Oct 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6585
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
TROY000038293 Geneva 04 Oct 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24602
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
TROY000020515 Butler 05 Oct 2008 Diamond, Alvin R.
20256
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
TROY000033883 Butler 05 Oct 2011 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UNA00056260 Geneva 04 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
1221
UNA
Dicerandra linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
AUA_ACC_37670 Escambia 6 Oct 1981 Henderson, T.
714
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
ALNHS00001448 Covington 13 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#766
ALNHS
Dicerandra fumella R.B. Huck.
AUA_ACC_73887 Covington 21 Oct 2009 Hansen, Curtis J.
4462
AUA
Dicerandra Fumella R.B. Huck
UWAL0031958 Geneva 01 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26872
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
AUA_ACC_52673 Geneva 6 Oct 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6497
AUA
Dicerandra Fumella R.B. Huck
TROY000043236 Covington 18 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26935
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UNA00056493 Geneva 05 Oct 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12230
UNA
Dicerandra linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
TROY000006429 Conecuh 25 Sep 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12676
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UWAL0006425 Covington 18 Oct 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5669
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UWAL0031964 Geneva 01 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26874
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
AUA_ACC_51050 Crenshaw 7 Oct 1990 Diamond, Alvin R.
7158
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
TROY000043266 Crenshaw 18 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26947
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
AUA_ACC_52142 Covington 2 Oct 1993 Diamond, Alvin R.
8861
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
UNA00056216 Covington 19 Sep 1998 MacDonald, John R.
12034
UNA
Dicerandra linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
TROY000006430 Covington 25 Sep 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12685
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UWAL0033146 Crenshaw 18 Oct 2015 Diamond, Alvin R.
26947
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
AUA_ACC_50160 Crenshaw 24 Sep 1989 Diamond, Alvin R.
6415
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
TROY000006431 Covington 03 Oct 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12735
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UNA00070003 Covington 13 Sep 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
766
UNA
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UNA00040019 Dale _ Aug 1880 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Dicerandra linearifolia (Ell.) Benth. var. robustior R.B. Huck
UNA00040018 Covington 03 Oct 1981 Haynes, Robert R.
8494
UNA
Dicerandra linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
AUA_ACC_34727 Covington 20 Sep 1979 Crawford, Lloyd C.
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth. Var. Linearifolia
UWAL0006426 Covington 19 Sep 2009 Diamond, Alvin R.
20938
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
AUA_ACC_50588 Covington 21 Oct 1992 Diamond, Alvin R.
8495
AUA
Dicerandra Linearifolia (Ell.) Benth. Var. Linearifolia
TROY000050918 Coffee 09 Oct 2020 Diamond, Alvin R.
29498
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UWAL0014915 Geneva 04 Oct 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24602
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UWAL0013645 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24526
UWAL
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UNA00057626 Conecuh 25 Sep 2001 Diamond, Alvin R.
12676
UNA
Dicerandra linearifolia (Ell.) Benth.
TROY000039197 Covington 11 Sep 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
24526
TROY
Dicerandra fumella Huck
UWAL0052811 Covington 23 Sep 1996 Sorrie, B.A.
9037
UWAL
Dicerandra linearifolia (Elliott) Bentham var. linearifolia
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