Myriopteris alabamensis

Family:PTERIDACEAE
Species:Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
Common Name:Alabama Lip Fern; Smooth Lip Fern
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Herb
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Alabama Lip Fern is a native herbaceous perennial in the Maidenhair Fern family (Pteridaceae). It is primarily native to the northern half of Alabama. Alabama Lip Fern occurs in crevices of limestone rocks, usually in deep shade. It is a perennial with a short creeping rhizome. The rhizome is covered in persistent brown scales which are linear-lanceolate, distantly toothed, straight or slightly contorted, and loosely pressed against the surface. Fronds are erect, clustered, and 3-20 inches in length. The blades are lanceolate to linear-oblong, 2-pinnate to 2-pinnate-pinnatifid at base, with a black petiole. The rachis is rounded, lacks scales, and has twisted, appressed hairs on the upper side, and scattered straight hairs on the lower side. The pinnae are not jointed at the base, and the dark pigmentation of the stalk enters the base of the pinnae. The basal pair of pinnae are slightly smaller than the pinnae immediately above them. The pinnae are glabrous or with a few hairs on the upper surface. Alabama Lip Fern reproduces by forming spores in sporangia located along the margins on the underside of the fertile fronds. The sporangia are covered by a false indusium formed by the edge of the leaf curling back. Alabama Lip Fern is listed as a S3 species in Alabama (typically 21 to 100 occurrences in the state) and globally as a G4 species (imperiled globally because of rarity or very vulnerable to extinction throughout its range because of other factors). This species was first collected from limestone rocks on the banks of the Tennessee River at the foot of Muscle Shoals in 1843 by Samuel Botsford Buckley.—A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native, S3 (State Rank), G4 (Global Rank)
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyPTERIDACEAE - Maidenhair Fern family
Genus Myriopteris
Species Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham - Alabama Lip Fern; Smooth Lip Fern

Citation

Citation MYRIOPTERIA ALABAMENSIS (Buckley) Grusz & Windham, Phytokeys 32: 55. 2013.
Basionym: Pteris alabamensis Buckley 1843.
Type: ALABAMA: Limestone rocks on banks of the Tennessee River at the foot of Muscle Shoals, s.d., Buckley s.n. (holotype: PH?).

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

SynonymFull CitationBasionymType
Allosorus alabamensis Allosorus alabamensis (Buckley) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 806. 1891.Pteris alabamensis Buckley 1843. 
Cheilanthes microphylla var. alabamensis Cheilanthes microphylla (Swartz) Swartz, var. alabamensis (Buckley) Davenport, Bot. Gaz. 19: 393. 1894.Pteris alabamensis Buckley 1843. 
Pellaea alabamensis Pellaea alabamensis (Buckley) Baker, in Hooker & Baker, Syn. Fil. 148. 1867.Pteris alabamensis Buckley 1843. 
Pteris alabamensis Pteris alabamensis Buckley, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 45: 177. 1843. ALABAMA: Limestone rocks on banks of the Tennessee River at the foot of Muscle Shoals, s.d., Buckley s.n. (holotype: PH?).
Pteris buckleyi Pteris buckleyi Riddell, New Orleans Med. Surg. J. 9: 616. 1853, nom. illegit.Pteris alabamensis Buckley 1843. 
Cheilanthes alabamensis Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze, Linnaee 20(1): 4–5. 1847.Pteris alabamensis Buckley 

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Cherokee, Clarke, Colbert, Etowah, Jackson, Lauderdale, Madison, Marshall, Morgan

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, SAMF, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1941 - 2010

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
AUA_ACC_66996 Bibb 3 Jun 2006 Hansen, Curtis J.
2742
AUA
Myriopteris Alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
UNA00051740 Clarke 04 Sep 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
ALNHS00003572 Blount 1 Sep 2015 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#1998
ALNHS
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
UWAL0031298 Blount 30 May 2015 Keener, Brian R.
8920
UWAL
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
AMAL00005468 Madison 19 Mar 2001 Threlkeld, Steven J.
1349
AMAL
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze
AUA_ACC_32061 Jackson 9 Aug 1974 Short, John W.
196
AUA
Myriopteris Alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
UWAL0001364 Etowah 02 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5231
UWAL
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
JSU109124 Jackson 22 May 1996 Whetstone, R. David
17682
JSU
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze
AUA_ACC_71103 Bibb 26 Jun 2013 Barger, T. Wayne
SP1084
AUA
Myriopteris Alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
UNA00051735 Bibb 22 Jan 1950 Crawford, Lloyd C.
s.n.
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
UWAL0001363 Blount 28 Feb 1998 Keener, Brian R.
523
UWAL
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
AUA000043771 Madison 14 Sep 2019 Hansen, Curtis J.
7770
AUA
Myriopteris Alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
AUA_ACC_70848 Etowah 2 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5231
AUA
Myriopteris Alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
UNA00051743 Clarke 04 Sep 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
UNA00051736 Bibb 20 Nov 1949 Crawford, Lloyd C.
350
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
AUA_ACC_32444 Bibb 12 Jul 1977 Short, John W.
916
AUA
Myriopteris Alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
JSU108700 Cherokee 06 Jun 1968 Clonts, Jerry A.
s.n.
JSU
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze
UNA00051742 Jackson 01 Mar 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
JSU109122 Etowah 02 Jun 1996 Allison, James (Jim) R.
s.n.
JSU
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze
AUA000044013 Madison 7 Mar 2020 Hansen, Curtis J.
7846
AUA
Myriopteris Alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
UNA00064868 Blount 28 Feb 1998 Keener, Brian R.
523
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
JSU109121 Cherokee 15 Apr 1967 Collier, Gary
s.n.
JSU
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze
UNA00051739 Jackson 01 Mar 1953 White, Jesse S.
s.n.
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
JSU109123 Jackson 03 Oct 1996 Schotz, Alfred
1456
JSU
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze
UWAL0002653 Lauderdale 06 Mar 2011 England, J. Kevin
2645
UWAL
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
SAMF0006192 Bibb 10 Jun 1988 Davenport, Lawrence J.
2567
SAMF
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
UWAL0053142 Morgan 14 Aug 2020 Thompson, Joey
1205
UWAL
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
ALNHS00001085 Marshall 12 Jun 2012 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#595
ALNHS
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
TROY000047482 Bibb 12 Mar 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28788
TROY
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
JSU108698 Blount 02 Nov 1986 Nixon, Christopher F.
3277
JSU
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze
AUA_ACC_34021 Bibb 10 May 1977 Sessler, Ann H.
1280
AUA
Myriopteris Alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
AMAL00018358 Jackson 02 Mar 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-487
AMAL
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
JSU108697 Bibb 09 Apr 1982 Whetstone, R. David
10873
JSU
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze
UNA00057672 Bibb 08 Oct 2000 Allison, James R.
12574
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
UWAL0001362 Bibb 12 Jul 1979 Kral, Robert
63988
UWAL
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
UWAL0039238 Bibb 12 Mar 2019 Diamond, Alvin R.
28788
UWAL
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
AUA_ACC_9905 Blount Sep 1961 Dean, Blanche E.
AUA
Myriopteris Alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
UNA00051741 Bibb 24 Apr 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
UNA00051738 Bibb _ _ 1880 Smith, Eugene A.
s.n.
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
UWAL0035277 Bibb 23 Sep 2012 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
UWAL
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
UWAL0001361 Bibb 12 Jul 1977 Short, John (Jack) W.
916
UWAL
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckley) Grusz & Windham
AUA_ACC_5672 Smith, J.D.
AUA
Myriopteris Alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
ALNHS00003394 Jackson 02 Mar 2010 Barger, T. Wayne
HC-487
ALNHS
Myriopteris alabamensis (Buckl.) Grusz & Windham
UNA00051737 Bibb 15 Jan 1953 Chermock, Ralph L.
s.n.
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
UNA00025735 Colbert 28 Jun 1941 Shaw, James W.
s.n.
UNA
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckl.) Kunze
JSU108699 Calhoun 01 May 1967 Boone, W.E. (Bill)
s.n.
JSU
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze
TROY000033181 Etowah 02 May 2009 Keener, Brian R.
5231
TROY
Cheilanthes alabamensis (Buckley) Kunze
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