Viburnum prunifolium

Family:VIBURNACEAE
Species:Viburnum prunifolium L.
Common Name:Smooth Blackhaw; Plumleaf Viburnum
Habitat:**
Associated Ecological Communities:**
Growth Habit:Shrub
Duration:Perennial
Category:Vascular
USDA Symbol:**
Plant Notes:Smooth Blackhaw is a native deciduous shrub or small tree in the Moschatel family (Adoxaceae). It is found primarily in the Black Belt and Tennessee River regions and other areas with basic soils. Smooth Blackhaw grows in deciduous forests, in prairies, along creeks and streams, and along fence rows. It is a single or multi-trunked shrub or small tree reaching heights of 20 feet. The bark is gray in color and breaks into small squares. Stems are stiff and arching with short side shoots that are at right angles to the main stem. Leaves are opposite, petiolate, elliptic to ovate in outline, with finely serrate margins. Leaves are relatively thin and dark green above and paler green below. The leaves are glabrous or scantly brown scurfy. The petiole and leaf margins are often reddish. Flowers are produced in rounded terminal panicles. Each flower has 5 cream colored lobes. The fruit is a black drupe. The drupes remain on the shrub late into winter and are a favorite of birds and small mammals. The fruits are also edible by humans and can be eaten fresh or made into jams and preserves. Dried fruit have a taste and texture similar to raisins. Smooth Blackhaw is available in the nursery trade. It makes a dense screen or hedge and can be grown as a specimen shrub. Plants prefer well-draining soils and are drought tolerant once established. Several cultivars are available including 'Summer Magic' and 'Early Red' which have bronze or reddish new leaves and 'Ovazam' which is a columnar form.--A. Diamond
Taxonomic Notes:**
Status:Native
References:**
Specimen: View specimen details in the Alabama Herbarium Consortium Specimen Database

** Not applicable or data not available.

Classification

FamilyVIBURNACEAE - Haw Family family
Genus Viburnum
Species Viburnum prunifolium L. - Smooth Blackhaw; Plumleaf Viburnum

Citation

Citation Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 268. 1753. [http://www.botanicus.org/page/358287]
Basionym: **
Type: Without data, Kalm s.n. (lectotype: LINN 379.4). Lectotypified by Mal├ęcot, Taxon 51: 747. 2002.

** Not applicable or data not available.

Synonyms

No synonyms exist for this species.

Specimens and Distribution

This species has been reported in the following counties by the herbaria listed. An overview of the individual specimens are provided in the table that follows. Click on the accession number to view details; click on column headers to sort; choose a county or herbaria to filter the specimen data.

Counties included on distribution map: Autauga, Bullock, Butler, Calhoun, Dallas, Jefferson, Lauderdale, Lee, Lowndes, Marengo, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Randolph, Talladega, Wilcox

Counties represented by specimen data listed below:

Herbaria represented by specimen data listed below: ALNHS, AMAL, AUA, JSU, TROY, UNA, UWAL

Range of years during which specimens were collected: 1980 - 1983

Barcode / Accession No. County Coll. Date Collector &
Collection No.
Herbarium &
Herbarium Name Used
Image
TROY000031689 Montgomery 13 Jun 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21407
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0010915 Montgomery 12 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22927
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000037442 Butler 02 Apr 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23896
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
JSU107007 Lauderdale 01 May 1969 Henson, Jim
s.n.
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
ALNHS00003763 Dallas 19 Apr 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2216
ALNHS
Viburnum prunifolium L.
UWAL0042456 Bullock 29 Sep 2017 Horne, Howard E.
4278
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium L.
AUA000026071 Lee 6 May 1976 Sessler, Ann H.
049
AUA
Viburnum Prunifolium L.
TROY000020574 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Kral, Robert
96726
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
JSU107008 Lowndes 07 Apr 1982 Gunn, Scott C.
366
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0031648 Montgomery 24 Aug 1978 Kral, Robert
62591
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000039342 Butler 28 Oct 2013 Webb, Wayne K.
s.n.
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000034628 Butler 15 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22850
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000034828 Montgomery 12 Apr 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22927
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0001713 Montgomery 13 Jun 2010 Diamond, Alvin R.
21407
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium L.
AUA000026069 Calhoun 9 Apr 1968 O'Neal, Judy
AUA
Viburnum Prunifolium L.
TROY000017560 Marengo 05 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1020
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AMAL00022731 Dallas 19 Apr 2016 Barger, T. Wayne
SP#2216
AMAL
Vibirnum prunifolium L.
AMAL00002678 Marengo 05 Sep 2008 England, J. Kevin
1020
AMAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
JSU107005 Jefferson 14 Sep 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1781
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UNA00044509 Randolph 17 Apr 1983 Nixon, Christopher F.
57
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
UWAL0008412 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4239
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium L.
AMAL00015842 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3826
AMAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AUA000026072 Lee 5 Apr 1979 Atchley, Cecil G.
005
AUA
Viburnum Prunifolium L.
UNA00059016 Pike 26 May 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
13225
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
UWAL0008413 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3826
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium L.
JSU107011 Talladega 26 May 1993 Whetstone, R. David
16754
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
JSU107006 Jefferson 14 Sep 1985 Barber, J. Patrick
1781
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UNA00053557 Perry 30 Sep 1969 Thomas, Joab L.
2456
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
UWAL0010828 Montgomery 18 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22863
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0014770 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
977
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000017570 Lowndes 24 Mar 2002 Diamond, Alvin R.
12980
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000037431 Pike 29 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23868
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0046840 Autauga 11 Apr 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
609
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0012677 Pike 29 Mar 2013 Diamond, Alvin R.
23868
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000017559 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4239
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000036034 Bullock 27 Jun 2012 Dykes, Bailee
977
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000045766 Autauga 11 Apr 2017 Parker, Matthew R.
609
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
TROY000017561 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3826
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UNA00067114 Wilcox 07 Aug 2007 Keener, Brian R.
3826
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
UWAL0048134 Bullock 18 Jun 2016 Horne, Howard E.
3311
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AUA000026070 Lee 1 Apr 1956 Funderburk, Jr., H.H.
AUA
Viburnum Prunifolium L.
TROY000034677 Montgomery 18 Mar 2012 Diamond, Alvin R.
22863
TROY
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
AMAL00014131 Dallas 18 Apr 2008 Keener, Brian R.
4239
AMAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UNA00044536 Autauga 16 Apr 1980 Haynes, Robert R.
7735
UNA
Viburnum prunifolium L.
AMAL00015460 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Kral, Robert
96726
AMAL
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
JSU107004 Calhoun 09 Apr 1968 Stuart, Martha
s.n.
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
UWAL0008429 Lowndes 15 Aug 2005 Kral, Robert
96726
UWAL
Viburnum prunifolium L.
JSU107010 Talladega 22 May 1999 Brodeur, Kristin R.
1933
JSU
Viburnum prunifolium Linnaeus
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